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Mark Brigham

Hydrologist

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Short Biography

I received a B.A. in Chemistry and an M.S. in Civil Engineering, both from the University of Minnesota.  My Master’s thesis research examined historical patterns of mercury deposition using lake sediment cores, and other aspects of aquatic mercury cycling.  I joined the U.S. Geological Survey in 1991, and worked for several years assessing water quality in the Red River of the North Basin.  I then shifted back to mercury, examining methylmercury occurrence in impoundments and other waters of the Red River Basin; small lakes in Voyageurs National Park; and streams in the St. Croix River Basin.  I recently coordinated mercury studies for the U.S. Geological Survey’s National Water-Quality Assessment Program. Memberships: American Chemical Society, Environmental Chemistry Division; American Geophysical Union; American Society of Limnology and Oceanography.



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Knightes, C.D., Golden, H.E., Journey, C.A., Davis, G.M., Conrads, P.A., Marvin-DiPasquale, M., Brigham, M.E., Bradley, P.M., 2014, Mercury and methylmercury stream concentrations in a Coastal Plain watershed: A multi-scale simulation analysis. Environmental Pollution 2014, v. 187, p. 182-192.

Riva-Murray, K., Bradley, P.M., Scudder Eikenberry, B.C., Knightes, C.D., Journey, C.A., Brigham, M.E., and Button, D.T., 2013, Optimizing stream water mercury sampling for calculation of fish bioaccumulation factors , Environmental Science & Technology, v. 47 (11), p. 5904-5912.

Cowdery, T.K. and Brigham, M.E., 2013, Mercury in wetlands at the Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge, northwestern Minnesota, 2007-9, U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013–5068, 17 p.

Riva Murray, K., Bradley, P.M., Chasar, L.C., Button, D.T., Brigham, M.E., Scudder Eikenberry, B.C., Journey, C.A., and Lutz, M.A., 2013, Influence of dietary carbon on mercury bioaccumulation in streams of the Adirondack Mountains of New York and the Coastal Plain of South Carolina, USA , Ecotoxicology, v. 22, no. 1, pp 60-71. (http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10646-012-1003-3)

Journey, C.A., Burns, D.A., Riva Murray, Karen, Brigham, M.E., Button, D.T., Feaster, T.D., Petkewich, M.D., and Bradley, P.M., 2012, Fluvial transport of mercury, organic carbon, suspended sediment, and selected major ions in contrasting stream basins in South Carolina and New York, October 2004 to September 2009 : U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2012–5173, 125 p. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2012/5173/)

Bradley, P.M., Journey, C.A., Brigham, M.E., Burns, D.A., Button, D.T., Riva-Murray, K., 2013, Intra- and inter-basin mercury comparisons--importance of basin scale and time-weighted methylmercury estimates, Environmental Pollution, v. 172, p. 42-52 (published online 17 September 2012). (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749112003922)

Bradley, P.M., Journey, C.A., Lowery, M.A., Brigham, M.E., Burns, D.A., Button, D.T., Chapelle, F.H., Lutz, M.A., Marvin-DiPasquale, M.C., Riva-Murray, K., 2012, Shallow groundwater mercury supply in a Coastal Plain stream, Environmental Science & Technology, v. 46, no. 14, p. 7503-7511. (http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es301540g)

Burns, D.A., Riva-Murray, K, Bradley, P.M., Aiken, G.R. and Brigham, M.E., 2012, Landscape controls on total and methyl Hg in the upper Hudson River basin, New York, USA, Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, v. 117, G01034, 15 pp. (http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2012/2011JG001812.shtml)

Golden, H.E., Knightes, C.D., Conrads, P.A., Davis, G.M., Feaster, T.D., Journey, C.A., Benedict, S.T., Brigham, M.E., and Bradley, P.M., 2012, Characterizing mercury concentrations and fluxes in a Coastal Plain watershed: Insights from dynamic modeling and data. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, v. 117, G01006, 17 pp. (http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2012/2011JG001806.shtml)

Riva-Murray, K., Chasar, L.C., Bradley, P.M., Burns, D.A., Brigham, M.E., Smith, M.J., and Abrahamsen, T.A., 2011, Spatial patterns of mercury in macroinvertebrates and fishes from streams of two contrasting forested landscapes in the eastern United States. Ecotoxicology, v. 20, p. 1530-1542. (http://www.springerlink.com/content/b08382x50q5n9031/)

Bradley, P.M., Burns, D.A., Riva-Murray, K., Brigham, M.E., Button, D.T., Chasar, L.C., Marvin-DiPasquale, M., Lowery, M.A., and Journey, C.A., 2011, Spatial and seasonal variability of dissolved methylmercury in two stream basins in the eastern United States, Environmental Science and Technology, v. 46, p. 2048-2055. (http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es103923j)

Woodruff, L.G., Cannon, W.F., Knightes, C.D., Chapelle, F.H., Bradley, P.M., Burns, D.A., Brigham, M.E., and Lowery, M.A., 2010, Total mercury, methylmercury, and selected elements in soils of the Fishing Brook watershed, Hamilton County, New York, and the McTier Creek watershed, Aiken County, South Carolina, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 516, 10 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/516/)

Chalmers, A.T., Argue, D.M., Gay, D.A., Brigham, M.E., Schmitt, C.J., and Lorenz, D.L., 2011, Mercury trends in fish from rivers and lakes in the United States, 1969–2005: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, v. 175, p. 175-191. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1504-6)

Bauch, N.J., Chasar, L.C., Scudder, B.C., Moran, P.W., Hitt, K.J., Brigham, M.E., Lutz, M.A., and Wentz, D.A., 2009, Data on mercury in water, streambed sediment, and fish tissue from selected streams across the United States, 1998–2005: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 307, 32 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/307/)

Brigham, M.E., Wentz, D.A., Aiken, G.R., and Krabbenhoft, D.P., 2009, Mercury cycling in stream ecosystems. 1. Water column chemistry and transport: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 8, p. 2720-2725. (http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es802694n)

Marvin-DiPasquale, M., Lutz, M.A., Brigham, M.E., Krabbenhoft, D.P., Aiken, G.R., Orem, W.H., and Hall, B.D., 2009, Mercury cycling in stream ecosystems. 2. Benthic methylmercury production and bed sediment-pore water partitioning: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 43, no. 8, p. 2726–2732 (http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es802698v)

Scudder, B.C., Chasar, L.C., Wentz, D.A., Bauch, N.J., Brigham, M.E., Moran, P.W., and Krabbenhoft, D.P., 2009, Mercury in fish, bed sediment, and water from streams across the United States, 1998-2005: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5109, 74 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2009/5109)

Woodruff, L.G., Sandheinrich, M., Brigham, M.E., and Cannon, W.F., 2009, Impact of wildfire on levels of mercury in forested watershed systems–Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5151, 19 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2009/5151/)

Brigham, M.E., Duris, J.W., Wentz, D.A., Button, D.T., and Chasar, L.C., 2008, Total mercury, methylmercury, and ancillary water-quality and streamflow data for selected streams in Oregon, Wisconsin, and Florida, 2002–06: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 341, 11 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/341/)

Chasar, L.C., Scudder, B.C., Bell, A.H., Wentz, D.A., and Brigham, M.E., 2008, Total mercury, methylmercury, and carbon and nitrogen isotope data for biota from selected streams in Oregon, Wisconsin, and Florida, 2002-04: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 349, 10 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/349/)

Lutz, M.A., Marvin-DiPasquale, M., and Brigham, M.E., 2008, Procedures for collecting and processing streambed sediment and pore water for analysis of mercury as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program: U.S. Geological Survey Survey Open-File Report 2008-1279, 68 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1279/)

Marvin-DiPasquale, M., Lutz, M.A., Krabbenhoft, D.P., Aiken, G.R., Orem, W.R., Hall, B.D., DeWild, J.F., and Brigham, M.E., 2008, Total mercury, methylmercury, methylmercury production potential, and ancillary streambed-sediment and pore-water data for selected streams in Oregon, Wisconsin, and Florida, 2003–04: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 375, 24 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/375/)

Scudder, B.C., Chasar, L.C., DeWeese, L.R., Brigham, M.E., Wentz, D.A., and Brumbaugh, W.G., 2008, Procedures for collecting and processing aquatic invertebrates and fish for analysis of mercury as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1208, 34 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1208/)

Christensen, V.G., Wente, S.P., Sandheinrich, M.B., and Brigham, M.E., 2006, Spatial variations in fish-tissue mercury concentrations in the St. Croix River Basin, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 2004 U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5063, 26 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2006/5063)

Wiener, J.G., Knights, B.C., Sandheinrich, M.B., Jeremiason, J.D., Brigham, M.E., Engstrom, D.R., Woodruff, L.G., Cannon, W.F., and Balogh, S.J., 2006, Mercury in soils, lakes, and fish in Voyageurs National Park (Minnesota)—Importance of atmospheric deposition and ecosystem factors: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 40, p. 6261-6268. (http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es060822h)

Lewis, M.E., and Brigham, M.E., 2004, National field manual for the collection of water-quality data, Chapter A5, Section 5.6.4.B, Low-level mercury U.S. Geological Survey Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations Report Book 9. (http://water.usgs.gov/owq/FieldManual/chapter5/pdf/5.6.4.B_v1.0.pdf)

Brigham, M.E., Krabbenhoft, D.P., and Hamilton, P.A., 2003, Mercury in stream ecosystems - New studies initiated by the U.S. Geological Survey: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 016-03, 4 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs-016-03/pdf/fs-016-03.pdf)

Goldstein, R.M., Brigham, M.E., Stuewe, L., and Menheer, M.A., 2003, Mercury data from small lakes in Voyageurs National Park, northern Minnesota, 2000-02: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-480, 18 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2003/ofr03-480/pdf/ofr03-480.pdf)

Brigham, M.E., 2002, Elemental chemistry of streambed sediments of the St. Croix River Basin, 2000: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4087, 19 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/wri/wri02-4087/)

Brigham, M.E., Krabbenhoft, D.P., Olson, M.L., and DeWild, J.F., 2002, Methylmercury in flood-control impoundments and natural waters of Northwestern Minnesota, 1997-99: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 138, no. 1/4, p. 61-78 (http://www.springerlink.com/content/3abc1gey6xvm24n6/)

Brigham, M.E., Payne, G.A., Andrews, W.J., and Abbott, M.M., 2002b, Statistical analysis of stream water-quality data and sampling network design near Oklahoma City, Central Oklahoma, 1977-99: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4111, 125 pp.

Brigham, M.E., Olson, M.L., and DeWild, J.F., 2000, Mercury, methylmercury, and other water-quality data from flood-control impoundments and natural waters of the Red River of the North Basin, Minnesota, 1997-99: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-273A, 34 pp.

Brigham, M.E., and Payne, G.A., 1999, Stream water-quality characteristics and trends, James River Basin, North Dakota, 1949-95: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4187, 129 pp.

Brigham, M.E., Goldstein, R.M., and Tornes, L.H., 1998, Trace elements and organic chemicals in stream-bottom sediments and fish tissues, Red River of the North Basin, Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota 1992-95: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 97-4043, 32 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/wri/1997/4043/report.pdf)

Currie, R.S., Williamson, D.A., and Brigham, M.E., 1998, A preliminary assessment of environmental impacts associated with the 1997 Red River flood, with focus on water quality: Prepared for the International Red River Basin Task Force jointly by the Explorations and Research Services, Manitoba Environment, and United States Geological Survey, 47 pp. (http://ijc.org/rel/pdf/curreetal.pdf)

Stoner, J.D., Lorenz, D.L., Goldstein, R.M., Brigham, M.E., and Cowdery, T.K., 1998, Water quality in the Red River of the North Basin Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota, 1992-95: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1169, 33 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/circ1169/circ1169.pdf)

Menheer, M.A., and Brigham, M.E., 1997, Ground-water sampling methods and quality-control data for the Red River of the North Basin, Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota 1993-95: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 96-4317, 34 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/wri/1996/4317/report.pdf)

Tornes, L.H., Brigham, M.E., and Lorenz, D.L., 1997, Nutrients, suspended sediment, and pesticides in streams in the Red River of the North Basin, Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota, 1993-95: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 97-4053, 70 pp. (http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/wri934231)

Goldstein, R.M., Brigham, M.E., and Stauffer, J.C., 1996, Comparison of mercury concentrations in liver, muscle, whole bodies, and composites of fish from the Red River of the North: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v. 53, no. 2, p. 244-252 (http://article.pubs.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/RPAS/rpv?hm=HInit&afpf=f95-203.pdf&journal=cjfas&volume=53).

Tornes, L.H., and Brigham, M.E., 1995, Pesticide amounts are small in streams in the Red River of the North Basin, 1993-94: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-283, 2 pp. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1995/0283/report.pdf)

Brigham, M.E., 1994, Pesticides detected in surface waters and fish of the Red River of the North drainage basin, in North Dakota Water Quality Symposium Proceedings, p. 256-269. (http://mn.water.usgs.gov/nawqa/redn/rpts/ndh20/ndh20b.pdf)

Engstrom, D.R., Swain, E.B., Henning, T.A., Brigham, M.E., and Brezonik, P.L., 1994, Atmospheric mercury deposition to lakes and watersheds—a quantitative reconstruction from multiple sediment cores, Environmental Chemistry of Lakes and Reservoirs: ACS Advances in Chemistry Series No. 237: Washington, D.C., American Chemical Society, p. 33-66. (http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ba-1994-0237.ch002)

Noland, W.E., Wahlstrom, M.J., Konkel, M.J., Brigham, M.E., Trowbridge, A.G., Konkel, L.M.C., Gourneau, R.P., Scholten, C.A., Lee, N.H., J.J., C., Gac, T.S., Pour, M.M., and Radford, P.M., 1993, In Situ vinylindole synthesis. Diels-Alder reactions with maleimides to give tetrahydrocarbazoles [1]: Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry, v. 30, no. Jan-Feb, p. 81-91. (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jhet.5570300115/abstract)

Glass, G.E., Sorensen, J.A., Schmidt, K.W., Huber, J.K., Rapp, G.R.J., Brigham, M.E., and Brezonik, P.L., 1992, Mercury in the St.Louis River, Mississippi River, Crane Lake, and Sand Point Lake—cycling, distribution, and sources: Water Quality Division, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

Swain, E.B., Engstrom, D.R., Brigham, M.E., Henning, T.A., and Brezonik, P.L., 1992, Increasing rates of atmospheric mercury deposition in midcontinental North America: Science, v. 257, p. 784-787 (http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/257/5071/784).

Brezonik, P.L., Mach, C.E., Downing, G., Richardson, N., and Brigham, M., 1990, Effects of acidification on minor and trace metal chemistry in Little Rock Lake, Wisconsin: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 9, p. 871-855

 

 




                           

My Science Topics


Science Topic
Subtopic
Environmental Issuescontamination and pollution
Environmental Issueshuman impacts
Environmental Issuesindustrial pollution
Environmental Issuesland use
Environmental Issuessurface water quality
Environmental Issuestoxic trace elements
Environmental Issueswater quality
Ecology and Environmentenvironmental assessment
Ecology and Environmentfreshwater ecosystems
Hydrologic Processeshydrology
Hydrologic Processesrunoff
Hydrologic Processessediment transport
Hydrologic Processesstreamflow



My USGS Science Strategy Areas

Understanding Ecosystems & Predicting Ecosystems Change

The Role of Environment and Wildlife in Human Health

Mercury in Aquatic Ecosystems

Image of Current Focus for Mercury in Aquatic Ecosystems

Please see our project web site, http://water.usgs.gov/nawqa/mercury/


Miscellaneous*

Google scholar citations | LinkedIn | ResearchGate  


Contact Information

Mark Brigham
2280 Woodale Ave
Mounds View, MN 55112
mbrigham@usgs.gov
763-783-3274
763-783-3103 - Fax
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