USGS Professional Pages
Research EcologistContact Info
As a research scientist for the Coastal and Marine Geology Program, I investigate the causes and effects of coral reef degradation. I seek to increase understanding of local and global-scale stressors on reefs, and experimentally determine how environmental variables such as sea-surface temperature, water quality, seawater chemistry, nuisance macroalgae, and ocean acidification affect coral reef organisms and community structure. My work informs resource managers about the mechanisms causing reef degradation and how management efforts may be improved to protect and restore degraded reefs. Please visit the USGS Coral Reef Ecosystems Studies (CREST) website for more information: http://coastal.er.usgs.gov/crest/.
Doctor of Philosophy, University of Hawaii, Department of Zoology (9/94 to 12/99)
Doctoral advisor: Paul L. Jokiel, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology
Dissertation: ‘The effects of ultraviolet radiation on reef corals and the sun-screening role of mycosporine-like amino acids’
Bachelor of Arts in Zoology, University of New Hampshire, Minor in Marine Biology (9/89 to 6/93)
Research Ecologist, US Geological Survey, Florida Integrated Science Center (9/02 to present)
Faculty, School for Field Studies (accredited through Boston University), Center for Marine Resource Studies, Turks & Caicos Islands (9/01 to 8/02)
Director, Forfar Field Station, Andros Island, Bahamas (1/01 to 8/01)
Postdoctoral Research Associate, University of Guam Marine Laboratory, Chemical ecology laboratory, Advisor: Dr. Valerie Paul (8/99 to 12/00)
Coral reef ecology, global climate change, ocean acidification, coral-algal-herbivore interactions, coral recruitment
Kuffner, I. B., T. D. Hickey, and J. M. Morrison (2013) 'Calcification rates of the massive coral Siderastrea siderea and crustose coralline algae along the Florida Keys (USA) outer-reef tract.’ Coral Reefs 32:987-997. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00338-013-1047-8
Morrison, J. M., I. B. Kuffner, and T. D. Hickey (2013) ‘Methods for monitoring corals and crustose coralline algae to quantify in-situ calcification rates.’ U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013-1159, 11 p. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2013/1159/
Kuffner, I. B., P. L. Jokiel , K. S. Rodgers, A. J. Andersson, and F. T. Mackenzie (2012) ‘An apparent "vital effect" of calcification rate on the Sr/Ca temperature proxy in the reef coral Montipora capitata.’ Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems. Q08004, doi:10.1029/2012GC004128. http://www.agu.org/journals/gc/gc1208/2012GC004128/2012GC004128.pdf
Kuffner, I. B., T. D. Hickey, V. J. Paul, J. M. Morrison, L. J. Walters, K. R. Grablow, T. Turner, and E. R. Parish (2011) ‘Half-dead colonies of Montastraea annularis release viable gametes on a degraded reef in the US Virgin Islands.’ Bulletin of Marine Science 87:855-856.
Paul, V. J., I. B. Kuffner, L. J. Walters, R. Ritson-Williams, K. S. Beach, and M. A. Becerro (2011) ‘Chemically-mediated interactions between macroalgae, Dictyota spp., and multiple life-history stages of the coral Porites astreoides.’ Marine Ecology Progress Series 426:161-170. http://www.int-res.com/articles/meps2011/426/m426p161.pdf
Kuffner, I. B., R. Grober-Dunsmore, J. C. Brock, and T. D. Hickey (2010) ‘Biological community structure on patch reefs in Biscayne National Park, FL, USA.' Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 164: 513-531. http://www.springerlink.com/content/708k6175728p176m/fulltext.pdf
Kuffner, I. B. (2010) ‘Calcification in a changing ocean.’ US Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2010-3098. http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2010/3098/
Poore, R. Z., I. B. Kuffner, and C. A. Kellogg (2010) ‘St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center coral reef research.’ U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2010–3103. http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2010/3103/
Kuffner, I. B., V. J. Paul, R. Ritson-Williams, T. D. Hickey, and L. J. Walters (2009) 'Reef communities in the Dry Tortugas (Florida, USA): baseline surveys for the new no-take area.’Proceedings of the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium. Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, July 2008: 311-315.
Andersson, A. J., I. B. Kuffner, F. T. Mackenzie, P. L. Jokiel, K. S. Rodgers, and A. Tan (2009) ‘Net loss of CaCO3 from a subtropical calcifying community due seawater acidification: mesocosm-scale experimental evidence.’ Biogeosciences 6:1811-1823. http://www.biogeosciences.net/6/1811/2009/bg-6-1811-2009.pdf
Kuffner, I. B., J. C. Brock, R. Grober-Dunsmore, T. D. Hickey, V. Bonito, J. E. Bracone, C. W. Wright (2008) ‘Biological communities and geomorphology of patch reefs in Biscayne National Park, Florida, U.S.A.’ US Geological Survey Open File Report 2008-1330. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1330/
Jokiel, P. L., K. S. Rodgers, I. B. Kuffner, A. J. Andersson, E. F. Cox, and F. T. Mackenzie (2008) ‘Ocean acidification and calcifying reef organisms: a mesocosm investigation.’ Coral Reefs 27: 473-483. http://www.springerlink.com/content/g8p25514t153p723/?p=7cfa6c28644d4f31905b2fff2ee3068a&pi=2
Kuffner, I. B., A. J. Andersson, P. L. Jokiel, K. S. Rodgers, and F. T. Mackenzie (2008) ‘Decreased abundance of crustose coralline algae due to ocean acidification.’ Nature Geoscience 1:114-117. http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v1/n2/pdf/ngeo100.pdf
Kuffner, I. B., J. C. Brock, R. Grober-Dunsmore, V. E. Bonito, T. D. Hickey, and C. W. Wright (2007) ‘Relationships between reef fish communities and remotely sensed rugosity measurements in Biscayne National Park, Florida, U.S.A.’ Environmental Biology of Fishes 78:71-82. http://www.springerlink.com/content/u158q5w0gl11j325/?p=cffd0779398146fd98de32a63bae5778&pi=2
Kuffner, I. B., L. J. Walters, M. A. Becerro, V. J. Paul, R. Ritson-Williams, and K. S. Beach (2006) ‘Inhibition of coral recruitment by macroalgae and cyanobacteria.’ Marine Ecology Progress Series 323:107-117. Open access: http://www.int-res.com/abstracts/meps/v323/p107-117/
Brock, J. C., C. W. Wright, I. B. Kuffner, R. Hernandez, and P. Thompson (2006) ‘Airborne lidar sensing of massive stony coral colonies on patch reefs in the northern Florida reef tract.’Remote Sensing of Environment 104:31-42.
Brock, J. C., K. K. Yates, R. B. Halley, I. B. Kuffner, C. W. Wright, and B. G. Hatcher (2006) ‘Northern Florida reef tract benthic metabolism scaled by remote sensing.’ Marine Ecology Progress Series 312:123-139.
Kuffner, I. B. (2005) ‘Temporal variation in photosynthetic pigments and UV-absorbing compounds in shallow populations of two Hawaiian reef corals.’ Pacific Science 59:561-580.
Kuffner, I. B. and V. J. Paul (2004) ‘Effects of the cyanobacteria Lyngbya majuscula on the larval settlement of the reef corals Acropora serculosa and Pocillopora damicornis.’ Coral Reefs23:455-458.
Kuffner, I. B. (2004) ‘Effects of Solar Irradiance on Reef Coral Physiology and Recruitment.’ In: Hendee, J. (Ed.), The effects of combined sea temperature, light, and carbon dioxide on coral bleaching, settlement, and growth. NOAA Research Special Report (February, 2004), Silver Spring, MD, p. 37-42.
Kuffner, I. B. (2002) ‘Effects of ultraviolet radiation and water motion on the reef coral, Porites compressa: A transplantation experiment.’ Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology270(2):147-169.
Kuffner, I. B. and V. J. Paul (2001) ‘Effects of nitrate, phosphate and iron on the growth of macroalgae and benthic cyanobacteria from Cocos Lagoon, Guam.’ Marine Ecology Progress Series222:63-72.
Kuffner, I. B. (2001) ‘Effects of ultraviolet radiation and water motion on the reef coral Porites compressa Dana: a flume experiment.’ Marine Biology 138:467-476.
Kuffner, I. B. (2001) ‘Effects of ultraviolet radiation on larval recruitment of the reef coral, Pocillopora damicornis.’ Marine Ecology Progress Series 217:251-261.
Kuffner, I. B. (1999) ‘The effects of ultraviolet radiation on reef corals and the sun-screening role of mycosporine-like amino acids.’ Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, 164 pp.
Banaszak, A. T., M. P. Lesser, I. B. Kuffner and M. Ondrusek (1998) ‘Relationship between ultraviolet (UV) radiation and the concentration of mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) in marine organisms.’ Bulletin of Marine Science 63(3):617-628.
Kuffner, I. B., M. Ondrusek and M. P. Lesser (1995) ‘The distribution of mycosporine-like amino acids in the tissues of Hawaiian scleractinia; a depth profile.’ In: D. Gulko and P.L. Jokiel (eds.) Ultraviolet Radiation and Coral Reefs. HIMB Tech Report No. 41, Sea Grant, Honolulu, pp. 77-85.
Grottoli-Everett, A., I. B. Kuffner (1995) ‘Individual polyp response to UV radiation in Montipora verrucosa.’ In: D. Gulko and P.L. Jokiel (eds.) Ultraviolet Radiation and Coral Reefs. HIMB Tech Report No. 41, Sea Grant, Honolulu, pp. 115-120.
My Science Topics
My USGS Science Strategy AreasUnderstanding Ecosystems & Predicting Ecosystems Change
Climate Variability & Change
Global climate change impacts on coral reef systems
Ocean acidification impacts on calcifying organisms
Coral reef ecology
Coral reproduction, spawning, and recruitment
Use of marine protected areas as management tools
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