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Diann Prosser


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Short Biography

Diann Prosser is a research wildlife ecologist at the USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. She received her B.S. in Wildlife and Fisheries Science (1995), M.S. in Ecology (1998) from the Pennsylvania State University, and Ph.D. (2012) from the University of Maryland’s Marine Estuarine Environmental Sciences interdisciplinary ecology program. She began working at Patuxent in 1999. Her background is in wetland ecology and ornithology and her research interests include using spatial modeling techniques to help answer questions related to wildlife and stressors such as climate change and disease.


University of Maryland Goldhaber Travel Grant, 2011

NSF SGER Grant, 2007

NSF East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes, 2005

University of Maryland Nagel Travel Grant, 2005

USGS, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center Star Award 2000


Currently hosting Visiting Scholar from Chinese Academy of Sciences (2012-2013)



“The Chinese Lake that’s Ground Zero for Bird Flu.” Marketplace. American Public Media. 30 March 2016. Radio interview. [Link]

“A Tern in the Tide.” Outdoors Maryland, Episode 2803. Maryland Public Television. 24-Nov-2015. Television. URL: [Link]

Yuwei Wang; Ze Luo; Yan Xiong; Prosser, D.J.; Newman, S.H.; Takekawa, J.Y.; Baoping Yan, "Discovering Loose Group Movement Patterns from Animal Trajectories," in e-Science (e-Science), 2015 IEEE 11th International Conference on , vol., no., pp.196-206, Aug. 31 2015-Sept. 4 2015 doi: 10.1109/eScience.2015.30 [Link]

Wang, Y., Luo, Z., Takekawa, J., Prosser, D., Xiong, Y., Newman, S., Xiao, X., Batbayar, N., Spragens, K., Balachandran, S. & Yan, B. (2015) A new method for discovering behavior patterns among animal movements. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 8816, 1–19 [Link]

Tian, H., Zhou, S., Dong, L., Van Boeckel, T.P., Cui, Y., Newman, S.H., Takekawa, J.Y., Prosser, D.J., Xiao, X., Wu, Y. and Cazelles, B., 2015. Avian influenza H5N1 viral and bird migration networks in Asia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(22), pp.E2980-E2980 [Link]

Takekawa, J.Y., Heath, S.R., Iverson, S. a, Gaidet, N., Cappelle, J., Dodman, T., Hagemeijer, W., Eldridge, W.D., Petrie, S. a, Yarris, G.S., Manu, S., Olsen, G.H., Prosser, D.J., Spragens, K. A, Douglas, D.C. & Newman, S.H. (2015) Movement ecology of five Afrotropical waterfowl species from Malawi, Mali and Nigeria. Ostrich, 86, 155–168 [Link]

Prosser, D.J., Palm, E.C., Takekawa, J.Y., Zhao, D., Xiao, X., Li, P., Liu, Y. & Newman, S.H. (2015) Movement analysis of free-grazing domestic ducks in Poyang Lake, China: a disease connection. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 8816, 1–12 [Link]

Prosser, D.J., Hungerford, L.L., Erwin, R.M., Ottinger, M.A., Takekawa, J.Y., Newman, S.H., Xiao, X. & Ellis, E.C. (2015) Spatial modeling of wild bird risk factors to investigate highly pathogenic A(H5N1) avian influenza virus transmission. Avian Diseases [Link]

Palm, E., S. Newman, D. Prosser, X. Xiao, L. Ze, N. Batbayar, S. Balachandran and J. Takekawa. 2015. Mapping migratory flyways in Asia using dynamic Brownian bridge movement models. Movement Ecology 3(1): 3. [Download File]

Prosser, D.J., J. Nagel, and J.Y. Takekawa. 2014. Chapter 9: Animal Migration and Risk of Spread of Viral Infections. In: Viral Infections and Global Change (Eds. S. Singh). Hoboken, NJ, Wiley Blackwell. 628pp.

Cappelle, J., D. Zhao, M. Gilbert, M. Nelson, S. Newman, J. Takekawa, N. Gaidet, D. Prosser, Y. Liu, P. Li, Y. Shu and X. Xiao. 2014. Risks of Avian Influenza Transmission in Areas of Intensive Free-Ranging Duck Production with Wild Waterfowl. EcoHealth 11(1): 109-119. [Link]

Wang, Y., Z. Luo, B. Yan, J. Takekawa, D. Prosser, and S. Newman. 2014. Mining continuous activity patterns from animal trajectory data. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) 8933:239-252. [Link]

Takekawa, J., Heath, S.R., Douglas, D.C., Perry, W.M., Javed, S., Newman, S.H., Suwal, R.N., Rahmani, A.R., Choudhury, B.C., Prosser, D.J. and Yan, B., 2013. Geographic variation in Bar-headed Geese Anser indicus: connectivity of wintering areas and breeding grounds across a broad front. Wildfowl, 59(59), pp.100-123. [Link]

Takekawa, J. Y., Prosser, D. J., Douglas, D. C., Perry, W. M., Collins, B. M., Yan, B., Hou, Y. S., Xing, Z., Lei, F., Li, T. X., Li, Y. & Newman, S. 2013. Movements and space use of ruddy shelducks in the Central Asian Flyway and HPAI H5N1 risk. Viruses 5: 2129-52. DOI: 10.3390/v5092129.

Xiong, Y, Luo Z, Yan B, Prosser DJ, and Takekawa JY. 2013. Chapter 44. GPS Location History Data Mining and Anomalous Detection: The Scenario of Bar-Headed Geese Migration. Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Information Technology and Software Engineering. Berlin Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag: 413-420.

O’Connell, T., Brooks, R., Prosser, D., Gaudette, M., Gyekis, J., Farrell, K. & Casalena, M. (2013)Wetland-Riparian Birds of the Mid-Atlantic Region. In Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice, Brooks RP & Wardrop DH (eds) pp 269–311. Springer New York [Link]

Hawkes, L., Balachandran, S., Batbayar, N., Butler, P.J., Chua, B., Douglas, D.C., Frappell, P.B., Hou, Y., Milsom, W.K., Newman, S.H., Prosser, D.J., Sathiyaselvam, P., Scott, G.R., Takekawa, J.Y., Natsagdorj, T., Wikelski, M., Witt, M.J., Yan, B. & Bishop, C.M. (2013) The paradox of extreme high-altitude migration in bar-headed geese Anser indicus. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 280, 20122114 [Link]

Prosser, D. J., L. L. Hungerford, R. M. Erwin, M. A. Ottinger, J. Y. Takekawa, and E. C. Ellis. 2013. Mapping Risk of Avian Influenza Transmission at the Interface of Domestic Poultry and Wild Birds. Frontiers in Public Health 1:1-11. [Download File]

James-Pirri, M.J., R. M. Erwin, D. J. Prosser, and J. D. Taylor. 2012. Responses of Salt Marsh Ecosystems to Mosquito Control Management Practices along the Atlantic Coast (U.S.A.). Restoration Ecology 20:395-404. [Link]

Prosser, D. J. 2012. Wild Birds and Emerging Diseases: Modeling Avian Influenza Transmission Risk Between Domestic and Wild Birds in China. Doctoral Disseration. University of Maryland, College Park, MD. 217pp.

Newman, S. H., N. J. Hill, K. A. Spragens, D. Janies, I. O. Voronkin, D. J. Prosser, B. Yan, F. Lei, N. Batbayar, T. Natsagdorj, C. M. Bishop, P. J. Butler, M. Wikelski, S. Balachandran, T. Mundkur, D. C. Douglas, and J. Y. Takekawa. 2012. Eco-Virological Approach for Assessing the Role of Wild Birds in the Spread of Avian Influenza H5N1 along the Central Asian Flyway. PLoS ONE 7:e30636. [Link]

Luo, Z., Yan, B., Takekawa, J.Y. & Prosser, D.J. (2012) Discovering Shared Segments on the Migration Route of the Bar-headed Goose by Time-based Plane-sweeping Trajectory Clustering. Journal of Information & Computational Science, 9, 5093–5100. [Link]

Cui, Peng; Hou, Yuansheng; Tang, Mingjie; Zhang, Haiting; Zuohua, Yuanchun; Yin, Zuohua; Li, Tianxian; Guo, Shan; Xing, Zhi; He, Yubang; Prosser, Diann J.; Newman, Scott H.; Takekawa, John Y.; Yan, Baoping ; Lei, Fumin, 2011. Movement patterns of Bar-headed Geese Anser indicus during breeding and post-breeding periods at Qinghai Lake, China. Springer , 10 p. [Link]

Cui, P.; Hou, Y.; Tang, M.; Zhang, H.; Zhou, Y.; Yin, Z.; Li, T.; Guo, S.; Xing, Z.; He, Y.; Prosser, D. J.; Newman, S. H.; Takekawa, J. Y.; Yan, B.; Lei, F. , 2011. Movement patterns of Bar-headed Geese Anser indicus during breeding and post-breeding periods at Qinghai Lake, China. Journal of Ornithology 152: 83-92. [Link]

Prosser, D. J., P. Cui, J. Y. Takekawa, M. Tang, Y. Hou, B. M. Collins, B. Yan, N. J. Hill, T. Li, Y. Li, F. Lei, S. Guo, Z. Xing, Y. He, Y. Zhou, D. C. Douglas, W. M. Perry, and S. H. Newman. 2011. Wild bird migration across the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau: A transmission route for highly pathogenic H5N1. PLoS One 6(3):e17622. [Link]

Prosser, D. J., J. Wu, E. C. Ellis, F. Gale, T. P. Van Boeckel, W. Wint, T. Robinson, X. Xiao, and M. Gilbert. 2011. Modelling the distribution of chickens, ducks, and geese in China. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 141(3-4):381-389. [Link]

Van Boeckel, T. P., D. Prosser, G. Franceschini, C. Biradar, W. Wint, T. Robinson, and M. Gilbert. 2011. Modelling the distribution of domestic ducks in Monsoon Asia. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 141(3-4):373-380. [Link]

Martin, V., D. U. Pfeiffer, X. Y. Zhou, X. M. Xiao, D. J. Prosser, F. S. Guo, and M. Gilbert. 2011. Spatial distribution and risk factors of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 in China. PLoS Pathogens 7(3):e1001308. [Link]

Gilbert, M., Xiao, X., Takekawa, J. Y., Loth, L., Prosser, D. J., Biradar, C., Balachandran, S., Subba Rao, M. V., Mundkur, T., Yan, B. P., Xing, Z., Hou, Y. S., Batbayar, N., Natsagdorj, T., Hogerwerf, J. B., Slingenbergh, J. & Newman, S. 2011. Flying Over an Infected Landscape: Distribution of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 Risk in South Asia and Satellite Tracking of Wild Waterfowl. Ecohealth DOI: 10.1007/s10393-010-0672-8. [Link]

Batbayar, N., J. Y. Takekawa, S. H. Newman, D. J. Prosser, T. Natsagdorj, and X. Xiao. 2011. Migration Strategies of Swan Geese Anser cygnoides from Northeast Mongolia. Wildfowl 61:90-109.

Zhang, Y., Hao, M., Takekawa, J.Y., Lei, F., Yan, B., Prosser, D.J., Douglas, D.C., Xing, Z. & Newman, S.H. (2011) Tracking the autumn migration of the bar-headed goose (Anser indicus) with satellite telemetry and relationship to environmental conditions. International Journal of Zoology, 1–10 [Link]

Gaidet, N., J. Cappelle, J. Takekawa, D. J. Prosser, S. A. Iverson, D. C. Douglas, W. M. Perry, T. Mundkur, and S. H. Newman. 2010. Understanding the potential dispersal of HPAI H5N1 virus by migratory wildfowl. Argos Forum #71:4-5. [Link]

Gaidet, N., J. Cappelle, J. Y. Takekawa, D. J. Prosser, S. A. Iverson, D. C. Douglas, W. M. Perry, T. Mundkur, and S. H. Newman. 2010. Potential spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 by wildfowl: dispersal ranges and rates determined from large-scale satellite telemetry. Journal of Applied Ecology 47(5):1147-1157. [Link]

Hogerwerf, L., R. G. Wallace, D. Ottaviani, J. Slingenbergh, D. J. Prosser, L. Bergmann, and M. Gilbert. 2010. Persistence of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus defined by agro-ecological niche. EcoHealth 7(2):213-225. [Link]

Muzaffar, S. B., J. Y. Takekawa, D. J. Prosser, S. H. Newman, and X. Xiao. 2010. Rice production systems and avian influenza: interactions between mixed-farming systems, poultry and wild birds. Pages 219-230 in C. S. Elphick, C. S. Elphick, K. C. Parsons, M. Fasola, and L. Mugica, editors. Ecology and conservation of birds in rice fields: a global review. Waterbirds 33 (Special Publication 1) iii, 244 pp. [Link]

Takekawa, J. Y., S. H. Newman, X. M. Xiao, D. J. Prosser, K. A. Spragens, E. C. Palm, B. P. Yan, T. X. Li, F. M. Lei, D. L. Zhao, D. C. Douglas, S. Bin Muzaffar, and W. T. Ji. 2010. Migration of waterfowl in the East Asian Flyway and spatial relationship to HPAI H5N1 outbreaks. Avian Diseases 54(1 supplement):466-476. [Link]

Takekawa, J. Y., D. J. Prosser, S. H. Newman, S. Bin Muzaffar, N. J. Hill, B. P. Yan, X. M. Xiao, F. M. Lei, T. X. Li, S. E. Schwarzbach, and J. A. Howell. 2010. Victims and vectors: highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 and the ecology of wild birds. Avian Biology Research 3(2):51-73. [Link]

Newman, S. H., S. A. Iverson, J. Y. Takekawa, M. Gilbert, D. J. Prosser, N. Batbayar, T. Natsagdorj, and D. C. Douglas. 2009. Migration of whooper swans and outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus in eastern Asia. PLoS ONE 4(5):e5729 1-11. [Link]

Prosser, D. J., J. Y. Takekawa, S. H. Newman, B. Yan, D. C. Douglas, Y. Hou, Z. Xing, D. Zhang, T. Li, Y. Li, D. Shao, W. M. Perry, and E. C. Palm. 2009. Satellite-marked waterfowl reveal migratory connection between H5N1 outbreak areas in China and Mongolia. Ibis 151(3):568-576. [Link]

Muzaffar, S.B.; Takekawa, J. Y.; Prosser, D.J.; Douglas, D.C.; Yan, B.; Xing, Z.; Hou, Y.; Palm, E.C.; Newman, S.H., 2008. Seasonal movements and migration of Pallas's Gulls Larus ichthyaetus from Qinghai Lake, China. Forktail, 100-107

James-Pirri, M.J.; Erwin, R.M.; Prosser, D.J., 2008. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Region 5) salt marsh study, 2001 to 2006: an assessment of hydrologic alterations on salt marsh ecosystems along the Atlantic Coast. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center and University of Rhode Island , ix, 413 pp [Link]

Erwin, R.M.; Cahoon, D.R.; Prosser, D.J.; Sanders, G.M.; Hensel, P., 2006. Surface elevation dynamics in vegetated Spartina marshes versus unvegetated tidal ponds along the mid-Atlantic coast, USA, with implications to waterbirds. Estuaries and Coasts, 96-106 [Link]

Erwin, R.M.; Sanders, G.M.; Prosser, D.J.; Cahoon, D.R., 2006. High tides and rising seas: potential effects on estuarine waterbirds. Cooper Ornithological Society Studies in Avian Biology , 339 pp [Link]

Erwin, R.M.; Sanders, G.M.; Prosser, D.J., 2004. Changes in lagoonal marsh morphology at selected northeastern Atlantic coast sites of significance to migratory waterbirds. Wetlands 24(4): 891-903 [Link]

James-Pirri, M.-J., R. M. Erwin, D. J. Prosser, and J. Taylor. 2004. Monitoring salt-marsh responses to open marsh water management at U.S. Fish and Wildlife coastal refuges. Ecological Restoration 22(1):55-56. [Link]

Sanders, G.; Prosser, D.J.; Erwin, R.M., 2001. Sea level rise and salt marsh dynamics: Changes in Atlantic coastal waterbird habitats. NOAA Coastal Services Center NOAA/CSC/20114-CD. , NOAA Coastal Services Center, Charleston, SC

Erwin, R.M.; Prosser, D.J.; Sanders, G., 2000. Rising seas and sinking coastal marshes: Implications to Atlantic waterbirds. Memorial University of Newfoundland , 154 pp

Steinkamp, M., B. Peterjohn, D. Prosser, and S. Dreher. 1999. Monitoring North America's colonial waterbirds: a comprehensive program. Pacific Seabirds 26(1):54 (abstract). [Link]

Prosser, D.J. and R.P. Brooks. 1998. A verified habitat suitability index model for the Louisiana waterthrush (Seiurus motacilla). Journal of Field Ornithology 69(2):288-298. [Link]

Prosser, D.J. 1998. Avian use of different successional stage beaver ponds in Pennsylvania. M.S. Thesis, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA. 152 pp [Link]


My Science Topics

Science Topic
Ecology and Environmenthabitats
Ecology and Environmentwetlands
Plants and Animalsmigratory species
Plants and Animalswildlife
Environmental Issueshealth and disease
Geographic Analysis and Mappingspatial analysis

My USGS Science Strategy Areas

Understanding Ecosystems & Predicting Ecosystems Change

The Role of Environment and Wildlife in Human Health

Climate Variability & Change

Avian Influenza, Climate Change, Spatial Modeling, and Migratory Bird Research

Image of Current Focus for Avian Influenza, Climate Change, Spatial Modeling, and Migratory Bird Research


Wild birds and emerging diseases: Modeling avian influenza transmission risk between domestic and wild birds in China

USGS Wild Bird Avian Influenza Program

USGS - United Nations FAO studies on wild bird migration and highly pathogenic avian influenza

Pathogens in the Aquatic Environment - Waterfowl and Avian Influenza

Poplar Island - Restoration, Sea Level Rise, and Waterbirds in the Chesapeake Bay

Productivity of Species of Concern - Least Tern and Common Terns on Poplar Island Restoration Site

Shoreline changes and impacts to natural resources in the Chesapeake Bay

Evaluating the effects of open marsh water management on Region 5 refuges

Sea level rise, marsh inundation, and waterbird habitat implications


USGS co-authored maps in Nature article, "Mapping the H7N9 Avian Flu Outbreaks" (see Martin et al. 2011 under Prosser publications), April 24, 2013  

“Understanding Global Avian Influenza Transmission Pathways Through Ecology: USGS Maps Possible Transmission Routes for Avian Influenza”, USGS Top Stories Science Pick, September 2011

"Do Wild Birds Play a Role in the Spread of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI H5N1)?”, GeoHealth Newsletter, Summer 2011

“Migrating Birds May Spread Deadly Virus”, Frontiers In Ecology Dispatches, May 2011


“New Research Suggests Wild Birds May Play a Role in the Spread of Bird Flu”, March 2011


“In China’s Backcountry, Tracking Lethal Bird Flu”, Science News, October 2010





Contact Information

Diann Prosser
10300 Baltimore Avenue
Beltsville, MD 20705
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