USGS - science for a changing world

USGS Professional Pages

Blank space
Search USGS Professionals Featured Profiles Blank space Frequently Asked Questions  |  About The USGS Professional Pages
bio image of Jeff  Marion

Jeff Marion

Research Biologist

Contact Info


Short Biography

Jeff Marion grew up exploring the woods, streams, and caves of Kentucky, developing strong interests in nature study and high adventure outdoor activities. One of four Eagle Scouts in his family, he served for five summers at Philmont Scout Ranch in New Mexico, teaching backpacking and climbing skills. Coursework in biology, ecology, and geology at Wittenberg University led to a B.S. in Biology (1979), and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Recreation Resources Management from the University of Minnesota (1982/84). Graduate studies focused on recreation ecology research, combining strong personal interests in the ecological sciences with his continuing passion for outdoor recreational pursuits, particularly backpacking, climbing, caving, and canoeing. His doctoral research measured camping-associated environmental impacts in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness to investigate relationships between biophysical impacts, amount ofuse, and plant community, soil, and ecological classifications.

Following a year teaching park management at the University of Wisconsin, River Falls campus (1984-85), Dr. Marion was employed as a Research Biologist with the National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Region, duty-stationed at Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area. Initial studies focused on visitor impact and carrying capacity research for rivers within three of the Region’s parks. In 1989, his duty station moved to Blacksburg, Virginia, where he established a Cooperative Park Studies Unit in the College of Natural Resources, Virginia Tech. Initial research focused on studies of campsite impacts and monitoring protocols at Shenandoah, Great Smoky Mountains, and Big Bend National Parks. In 1994, he was moved to the National Biological Survey and in 1997, to the U.S. Geological Survey, though he remained at Virginia Tech as Unit Leader of a Patuxent Wildlife Research Center Field Station.

 

At Virginia Tech, he is an Adjunct Professor in the Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation Department, where he works with graduate students in conducting his program of recreation ecology research. Studies have expanded to include a current focus on formal and informal trails, visitor impacts to cliffs, and the efficacy of management actions designed to avoid or minimize visitor impacts. Most studies are funded by the National Park Service but studies have also been conducted on National Forests, Fish and Wildlife Refuges, and in Central and South American protected natural areas that serve as ecotourism destinations.

 

A founding member of the Board of Directors of Leave No Trace and Chair of the LNT Educational Review Committee for ten years, he helped develop Leave No Trace principles, practices, educational materials, and courses. His active involvement with this work continues and was extended to the Boy Scouts of America in 2001 with participation on a BSA Task Group to incorporate Leave No Trace practices throughout their Fieldbook, and in 2006 as a founding member of their Leave No Trace Task Force, which assists the BSA in incorporating LNT practices into their publications, outdoor practices, and training courses. He also served as a member of the Appalachian Trail Conservancy Stewardship Council (2005-11), serving as Chair of the Trail and Camping Committee.

 

 

Publications:  Google Scholar listing: http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=h11GExQAAAAJ&hl=en    Below: Recent publications with download links are listed first, followed by a complete listing of publications.  



Read Full Professional Summary

Publications

Marion, Jeffrey L. 2003. Camping impact management on the Appalachian National Scenic Trail. Report published by the Appalachian Trail Conference, Harper’s Ferry, WV. 109 pp. (See Appendix 2 for sustainable camping management practices) [Link]

1 [Link]

1 [Link]

1 [Link]

1 [Link]

1 [Download File]

1 [Download File]

1 [Download File]

1 [Download File]

1 [Download File]

1 [Download File]

1 [Download File]

1 [Download File]

1 [Download File]

1 [Download File]

1 [Download File]

1 [Download File]

1 [Download File]

1 [Download File]

1 [Download File]

1 [Download File]

1 [Download File]




Complete Listing, contact the author at jmarion@vt.edu for copies:

 

Monz, Christopher, Jeffrey L. Marion, & Jennifer Reed. 2012. Informal Trail Monitoring in the Atigun Gorge Area of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Final Management Rpt., Utah State University, Logan, UT. 

Marion, Jeffrey.  (In Press). Leave No Trace in the Outdoors.  Book on Leave No Trace practices.  

Marion, Jeffrey L., Jeremy F. Wimpey, & Logan O. Park. 2012. The science of trail surveys: Recreation ecology provides new tools for managing wilderness trails.  Park Science 28(3): 60-65.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Jeremy Wimpey.  2011.  Informal Trail Monitoring Protocols:  Denali National Park and Preserve. Final Research Report. U.S. Geological Survey, Distributed by the Virginia Tech College of Natural Resources, Blacksburg, VA.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Yu-Fai Leung.  2011. Indicators and protocols for monitoring impacts of formal and informal trails in protected areas. Journal of Tourism & Leisure Studies 17(2):215-236.

Marion, Jeffrey L., Christopher Carr & Charles A. Davis. 2011.  Recreation impacts to cliff resources in the Potomac Gorge.  Final Research Rpt. U.S. Geological Survey, Distributed by the Virginia Tech College of Natural Resources, Blacksburg, VA. 

Marion, Jeffrey L., Ben Lawhon, Wade Vagias, & Peter Newman. 2011. Revisiting “Beyond Leave No Trace.” Ethics, Place, and Environment 14(2): 231-237.

Wimpey, Jeremy & Jeffrey L. Marion. 2011. Formal and informal trail monitoring protocols and baseline conditions:  Great Falls Park and Potomac Gorge.  Final Research Rpt. U.S. Geological Survey, Distributed by the Virginia Tech College of Natural Resources & Environment, Blacksburg, VA.

Marion, Jeffrey L., Jeremy Wimpey & Logan Park. 2011. Informal and formal trail monitoring protocols and baseline conditions: Acadia National Park.  Final Research Rpt. U.S. Geological Survey, Distributed by the Virginia Tech College of Natural Resources & Environment, Blacksburg, VA. 120p.

Wimpey, Jeremy & Jeffrey L. Marion. 2011. A spatial exploration of informal trail networks within Great Falls Park, VA. Journal of Environmental Management 92:1012-1022.

Wimpey, Jeremy & Jeffrey L. Marion.  2010. The influence of use, environmental and managerial factors on the width of recreational trails.  Journal of Environmental Management 91: 2028-2037.

Monz, Christopher A., Jeffrey L. Marion, Kelly A. Goonan, Robert Manning, Jeremy Wimpey, Christopher Carr.  2010. Assessment and monitoring of recreation impacts and resource conditions on mountain summits: Examples from the Northern Forest, USA.  Mountain Research & Development 30(4):332-343.

Hockett, Karen, Amanda Clark, Yu-Fai Leung, Jeffrey L. Marion & Logan Park. 2010. Deterring off-trail hiking in Protected Natural Areas:  Evaluating Options with Surveys and Unobtrusive Observation. Final Research Report. Virginia Tech College of Natural Resources & Environment, Blacksburg, VA.

Cohen, J.B., Erwin, R.M., French, J.B., Jr., Marion, J.L., and Meyers, J.M.  2010.  A review and synthesis of the scientific information related to the biology and management of species of special concern at Cape Hatteras National Seashore, North Carolina: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009–1262, 100 p.

Monz, Christopher A., David N. Cole, Yu-Fai Leung, and Jeffrey L. Marion.  2010. Sustaining visitor use in protected areas: Future opportunities in recreation ecology research based on the USA experience.  Environmental Management 45: 551-562.

Cahill, Kerri, Jeffrey L. Marion and Stephen Lawson.  2009.  A comparative study of tradeoffs among trail attributes at Acadia National Park. pp. 256-266.  Book Chapter In: R.E. Manning (ed.), Parks and People: Managing Outdoor Recreation at Acadia National Park. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Press.

Park, Logan O., Robert E. Manning, Jeffrey L. Marion, Steven R. Lawson, Charles Jacobi.  2009.  Managing visitor impacts on Cadillac Mountain. Book Chapter In: R.E. Manning (ed.), pp. 215-239. Parks and People: Managing Outdoor Recreation at Acadia National Park. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Press.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Chris Carr. 2009. Backcountry Recreation Site and Trail Conditions: Haleakalā National Park. Final Research Rpt. Virginia Tech College of Natural Resources, Forestry/Recreation Resources Management, Blacksburg, VA.

Marion, Jeffrey L., Jeremy Wimpey, and Logan O. Park. 2009. Monitoring and assessing trail conditions at Acadia National Park. Book Chapter In: R.E. Manning (ed.), pp. 185-195. Parks and People: Managing Outdoor Recreation at Acadia National Park. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Press.

Marion, Jeffrey L. 2009. Indicators and Standards of Quality for Trail and Campsite Conditions at Isle au Haut. Book Chapter In: R.E. Manning (ed.), pp. 41-52. Parks and People: Managing Outdoor Recreation at Acadia National Park. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Press.

Olive, Nathanial D. and Jeffrey L. Marion.  2009. The influence of use-related, environmental and managerial factors on soil loss from recreational trails. Journal of Environmental Management  90(3): 1483–1493.

Marion, Jeffrey L. 2008. Development and application of trail and campsite monitoring protocols in support of Visitor Experience and Resource Protection decision-making at Isle au Haut, Acadia National Park. USDI, U.S. Geological Survey, Final Research Rpt., Virginia Tech Field Station, Blacksburg, VA.

Marion, Jeffrey L., Robert G. Dvorak and Robert E. Manning. 2008. Wildlife feeding in parks: Methods for monitoring the effectiveness of educational interventions and wildlife food attraction behaviors.  Human Dimensions of Wildlife 13: 429-442

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Karen Hockett.  2008. Frontcountry recreation site and trail conditions: Haleakalä National Park.  USDI, U.S. Geological Survey, Final Research Rpt., Virginia Tech Field Station, Blacksburg, VA. 88p.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Karen Hockett.  2008.  Trail and campsite monitoring protocols: Zion National Park.  USDI, U.S. Geological Survey, Final Research Rpt., Virginia Tech Field Station, Blacksburg, VA. 65p.

Park, Logan O., Jeffrey L. Marion, Robert E. Manning, Steven R. Lawson, Charles Jacobi.  2008.  Managing visitor impacts in parks: A multi-method study of the effectiveness of alternative management practices.  Journal of Parks and Recreation Administration 26(1): 97-121.

Cahill, Kerri, Jeffrey L. Marion, and Steve Lawson.  2008.  Exploring visitor acceptability for hardening trails to sustain visitation and minimize impacts.  Journal of Sustainable Tourism 16(2): 232-245. 

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Chris Carr. 2007. An assessment of recreation impacts to cliff and rock outcrop environments in Shenandoah National Park. USDI, U.S. Geological Survey, Final Research Rpt., Virginia Tech Field Station, Blacksburg, VA. 86p.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Jeremy Wimpey.  2007.  Environmental impacts of mountain biking: Science review and best practices.  Book Chapter In: Managing Mountain Biking. Pete Webber, editor. International Mountain Biking Association, Boulder, CO pp. 94-111.  

Cahill, Kerri, Jeffrey L. Marion and Stephen Lawson.  2007.  Enhancing the interpretation of stated choice tradeoff analysis through the application of a verbal protocol assessment. Journal of Leisure Research 39(2): 201-221.

Marion, Jeffrey L. 2007. Less typical now: A 1970s retrospective.  Appalachia 57(1): 8-19.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Scott E. Reid.  2007.  Minimising visitor impacts to protected areas: The efficacy of low impact education programmes.  Journal of Sustainable Tourism 15(1): 5-27.

Wood, Kerry, Steve Lawson, and Jeffrey L. Marion. 2006. Assessing recreation impacts to cliffs in Shenandoah National Park:  Integrating visitor observation with trail and recreation site measurements.  J. of Park & Recreation Administration 24(4): 86-110.

Marion, Jeffrey L. 2006. Recreation ecology research in the Americas. In: Siegrist, D., Clivaz, C., Hunziker, M. & Iten, S. (eds.) Exploring the Nature of Management:  Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitor Flows in Recreational and Protected Areas.  University of Applied Sciences, Rapperswil, Switzerland, September 13-17, 2006. 

Marion, Jeffrey L.  2006.  Structure Creep: Managing the A.T. camping experience.  Appalachian Trail Journeys 2(6): 10-11.

Marion, Jeffrey L., Yu-Fai Leung, and Sanjay Nepal. 2006. Monitoring trail conditions: new methodological considerations. George Wright Forum 23(2): 36-49.  

Manning, Robert, Charlie Jacobi, and Jeffrey L. Marion.  2006.  Acadia National Park visitor use and impact monitoring programs for carrying capacity decision-making.  George Wright Forum 23(2): 59-72.  

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Nate Olive.  2006.  Assessing and understanding trail degradation:  Results from Big South Fork National River and Recreational Area.  USDI, U.S. Geological Survey, Final Research Rpt., Virginia Tech Field Station, Blacksburg, VA. 82p.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Kerri Cahill.  2006.  Monitoring the resource Impacts of visitor use:  A protocol for the long-term Coastal Ecosystem Monitoring Program at Cape Cod National Seashore.  USDI, U.S. Geological Survey, Final Research Rpt., Virginia Tech Field Station, Blacksburg, VA. 

Daniels, Melissa L. and Jeffrey L. Marion.  2006.  Communicating Leave No Trace ethics and practices:  Efficacy of two-day Trainer Courses.  J. of Park & Recreation Administration 23(4):1-19.

Daniels, Melissa L. and Jeffrey L. Marion.  2006.  Visitor evaluations of management actions at a highly impacted Appalachian Trail camping area. Environmental Management 38(6): 1006–1019.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and David Bates.  2005.  Implementing Leave No Trace at Camps.  American Camping Association, Camping Magazine 78(3): 54-57.

Reid, Scott E. and Jeffrey L. Marion.  2005.  A comparison of campfire impacts and policies in seven protected areas.  Environmental Management 36(1): 48-58.

Reid, Scott E. and Jeffrey L. Marion.  2004.  Effectiveness of a confinement strategy for reducing campsite impacts in Shenandoah National Park.  Environmental Conservation 31(4): 274-282.

Aust, Michael W., Jeffrey L. Marion and Kevin Kyle. 2004. Research for the Development of Best Management Practices for Minimizing Horse Trail Impacts on the Hoosier National Forest. Management Report. U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Forest Service, Final Report, Bedford, IN. 77 p.

Leung, Yu-Fai and Jeffrey L. Marion. 2004. Managing impacts of campsites. Book Chapter In: Buckley, Ralf (ed.), Environmental Impact of Tourism, Cambridge, MA: CABI Publishing. pp. 245-258.  

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Yu-Fai Leung. 2004. Environmentally sustainable trail management. Book Chapter In: Buckley, Ralf (ed.), Environmental Impact of Tourism, Cambridge, MA: CABI Publishing. pp. 229-244.  

Newsome, David E., David N. Cole and Jeffrey L. Marion. 2004. Environmental impacts associated with recreational horse riding. Book Chapter In: Buckley, Ralf (ed.), Environmental Impact of Tourism, Cambridge, MA: CABI Publishing. pp. 61-82.  

Marion, Jeffrey L. 2003. Camping impact management on the Appalachian National Scenic Trail. Report published by the Appalachian Trail Conference, Harper’s Ferry, WV. 109 pp.

Farrell, Tracy A. and Jeffrey L. Marion. 2002. The Protected Areas Visitor Impact Management (PAVIM) framework: A simplified process for making management decisions. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 10(1): 31-51.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Tracy Farrell. 2002. Management practices that concentrate visitor activities: Camping impact management at Isle Royale National Park, USA. Journal of Environmental Management 66(2): 201-212.

Leung, Yu-Fai, Jeffrey L. Marion, and David N. Cole. 2002. Visitor impact assessment and monitoring systems: Evolution and current development. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Science and Management of Protected Areas; May 15-19, 2000, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. pp. 213-220.

Farrell, Tracy A. and Jeffrey L. Marion. 2002. Trail impacts and trail impact management related to ecotourism visitation at Torres del Paine National Park, Chile. Leisure/Loisir: Journal of the Canadian Association for Leisure Studies 26(1/2): 31-59.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  2001.  Determining the ecological footprint of recreation activities to support management decision.  Proceedings: Human Use Management in Mountain Areas.  An International Conference sponsored by Parks Canada and The Banff Centre for Mountain Culture,  pp. 205-214, Banff, Alberta, Canada.  June 10-14, 2001.

Marion, Jeffrey L., Teresa A. Martinez, and Robert D.  Proudman.  2001.  Trekking poles: Can you save your knees and the environment?  The Register 24(5):1, 10, 11. 

Farrell, Tracy A. and Jeffrey L. Marion.  2001.  Identifying and assessing ecotourism visitor impacts at selected protected areas in Costa Rica and Belize.  Environmental Conservation 28(3): 215-225.

Newman, Peter, Jeffrey Marion, and Kerri Cahill. 2001. Integrating resource, social, and managerial indicators of quality into carrying capacity decision-making.  The George Wright Forum 18(3):28-40.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Scott Reid.   2001.  Development of the United States Leave No Trace programme:  A historical perspective.  In: Usher, M.B. (ed.), Enjoyment and Understanding of the Natural Heritage. Scottish Natural Heritage, Edinburgh: The Stationery Office Ltd., Scotland.  pp.81-92.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Yu-Fai Leung.  2001.  Trail resource impacts and an examination of alternative assessment techniques.   Journal of Park and Recreation Administration 19(3):17-37.

Leung, Yu-Fai, Jeffrey L. Marion, and Tracy A. Farrell.  2001. The role of recreation ecology in sustainable tourism and ecotourism. In: McCool, S. F. and Moisey, N. (eds), Tourism, Recreation and Sustainability: Linking Culture and Environment. Oxon, UK: CABI Publishing. pp. 21-39.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Rex Linville.  2000.  Trail impacts and their management in Huascaran National Park, Andes Mountains, Peru.  Report Issued by The Mountain Institute and the Virginia Tech Cooperative Park Studies Unit.

Farrell, Tracy A. and Jeffrey L. Marion.  2000.  Identification and management of visitor impact problems within protected areas in Costa Rica and Belize.  In: Harmon, D. (ed)., On the Frontiers of Conservation: Proceedings of the 10th Conference on Research and Resource Management in Parks and on Public Lands, The George Wright Society Biennial Conference, pp. 62-67;  March 22-26, 1999, Asheville, NC.  The George Wright Society, Hancock, MI.

Farrell, Tracy A. and Jeffrey L. Marion.  2000.  Camping impact management at Isle Royale National Park: An evaluation of visitor activity containment policies from the perspective of social conditions.  In: Cole, D.N. and others (eds.), Proceedings:  Wilderness Science in a Time of Change; Vol 5: Wilderness ecosystems, threats, and management, pp. 110-114;  May 23-27, 1999 Missoula, MT.  Proceedings MRS-P-15-Vol-5. Ogden, UT: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mtn. Research Station.

Leung, Yu-Fai and Jeffrey L. Marion.  2000.  Wilderness campsite conditions under an unregulated camping policy: An Eastern example.  In: Cole, D.N. and others (eds.), Proceedings: Wilderness Science in a Time of Change; Vol 5:  Wilderness ecosystems, threats, and management,  pp. 148-152; May 23-27, 1999, Missoula, MT.  Proceedings RMRS-P-15-Vol-5. Ogden, UT: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.

Leung, Yu-Fai and Jeffrey L. Marion.  2000.  Recreation impacts and management in wilderness:  A state-of-knowledge review.  In: Cole, D.N. and others  (eds.), Proceedings: Wilderness Science in a Time of Change; Vol 5: Wilderness ecosystems, threats, and management,  pp. 23-48; May 23-27, 1999, Missoula, MT.  Proceedings RMRS-P-15-Vol-5. Ogden, UT: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.  (http://www.wilderness.net/pubs/science1999/volume5.htm)

Leung, Yu-Fai and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1999.  Assessing trail conditions in protected areas: Application of a problem assessment method in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, U.S.A.  Environmental Conservation 26(4): 270-279.

Leung, Yu-Fai and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1999.  Spatial strategies for managing visitor impacts in National Parks. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration 17(4): 20-38.

Leung, Yu-Fai and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1999.  Characterizing backcountry camping impacts in Great Smoky Mountains National Park.  Journal of Environmental Management 57(3): 193-203

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Robert D. Proudman.  1999.  Management options for minimizing camping impacts along the Appalachian Trail.  The Register 23(2):12-15.

Farrell, Tracy, Angelina Kendra, Joseph Roggenbuck, Troy Hall, and Jeffrey Marion.  1999.  Off-road vehicle riders in Big Cypress National Preserve: Results from a survey of permit holders.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Big Cypress National Preserve, Ochopee, FL.  Final Research/Resources Management Report, 48 p.

Leung, Yu-Fai and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1999.  The influence of sampling interval on the accuracy of trail impact assessment.  Landscape and Urban Planning 43(4):167-179.

Leung, Yu-Fai and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1998. Evaluating spatial qualities of visitor impacts on recreation resources: An index approach.  The Journal of Applied Recreation Research 23(4): 367-389.

Marion, Jeffrey L., and Yu-Fai Leung.  1998.  Campsite survey implications for managing designated campsites at Great Smoky Mountains National Park.  In: Wilderness and Natural Areas in Eastern North America, Research, Planning and Mgmt.  D.L. Kulhavy and M.H. Legg (eds.), Center for Applied Studies in Forestry, Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, TX.  pp.  146-155.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1998.  Recreation ecology research findings: Implications for wilderness and park managers.  In:  Proceedings of the National Outdoor Ethics Conference, April 18-21, 1996, St. Louis, MO.  Gaithersburg, MD: Izaak Walton League of America.  pp. 188-196.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1998.  Off-road vehicle management plan and environmental impact statement, Big Cypress National Preserve.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Big Cypress National Preserve.  131 p.

Leung, Yu-Fai and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1998. A survey of whitewater recreation impacts along five West Virginia rivers.  U. S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Virginia Tech Cooperative Park Studies Unit.  Final Report to the West Virginia State Department of Natural Resources, 106 p.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Yu-Fai Leung.  1998.  International impact research and management.  In: Wildland Recreation: Ecology and Management,  2nd Edition, William E. Hammitt and David N. Cole, editors, pp. 328-346.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.  361p.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Tracy A. Farrell.  1998.  Managing ecotourism visitation in protected areas.  In:  Ecotourism: A guide for planners and managers, vol. 2,  Kreg Lindberg, Megan Epler Wood, and David Engeldrum, editors, pp. 155-181.  The Ecotourism Society, North Bennington, VT.  244p.

Farrell, Tracy A. and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1998.  An evaluation of camping impacts and their management at Isle Royale National Park.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Research/Resources Mgmt. Rpt., Isle Royale National Park, Houghton, MI.  98 p.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1997.  Off-road vehicle management practices manual for Big Cypress National Preserve. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Big Cypress National Preserve. 27 p.

Hammitt, William E., Jeffrey L. Marion, Maurice L. Miller, Jim M. Peek, Mike R. Pelton.  1997.  Denali National Park road corridor studies review panel report.  (Edited and compiled by Jeffrey L. Marion).  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Denali National Park, Research/Resources Management Report, 66 p.

Williams, Peter W., and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1997.  Backcountry campsite monitoring results for Big Bend National Park.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Southwest Region, Research/Resources Management Report. 112 p.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Yu-Fai Leung.  1997.  An assessment of campsite conditions in Great Smoky Mountains National Park.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Gatlinburg, TN, Research/Resources Management Report. 127 p.

Leung, Yu-Fai, Jeffrey L. Marion, and Janet Y. Ferguson. 1997.  Methods for assessing and monitoring backcountry trail conditions: An empirical comparison.  In: Proceedings of the 9th George Wright Society Conference on Research and Resource Management in Parks and on Public Lands, Albuquerque, NM., March 17-21, 1997, The George Wright Society, Hancock, MI. pp.406-414.

Leung, Yu-Fai, and Jeffrey L. Marion. 1997.  River recreation impacts: A survey of day and overnight whitewater use sites along five West Virginia rivers.    In: Beyond the Banks: Proceedings of the Third Biennial River RMS Symposium on River Management and Planning, June 20-23, 1996, Columbus, OH.  Missoula, MT: River Management Society.  pp. 135-143. 

Marion, Jeffrey L., and Susan Chadwick Brame.  1996.  Leave No Trace outdoor skills and ethics: An educational solution for reducing visitor impacts.  Park Science 16(3):24-26.

Marion, Jeffrey L., and Yu-Fai Leung.  1996.  Managing designated campsites: Survey implications from Great Smoky Mountains National Park.   Master Network 13:3,13-14.

Manning, Robert E., Nicole L. Ballinger, Jeffrey L. Marion, and Joseph W. Roggenbuck.  1996.  Recreation management in natural areas: Problems and practices, Status and Trends.  Natural Areas Journal 16(2): 142- 146.

Marion, Jeffrey L., and David N. Cole.  1996.  Spatial and temporal variation in soil and vegetation impacts on campsites: Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area.  Ecological Applications 6(2):520-530.

Leung, Yu-Fai, and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1996.  Trail degradation as influenced by environmental factors: A state-of-the-knowledge review.  Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 51(2):130-136.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1995.  Capabilities and management utility of recreation impact monitoring programs.   Environmental Management 19(5):763-771.

Williams, Peter W., and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1995.  Assessing campsite conditions for Limits of Acceptable Change Management in Shenandoah National Park.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Chesapeake System Support Office, Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/MARSHEN/NRTR-95/071. 138 p. 

Leung, Yu-Fai, and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1995.  A survey of campsite conditions in eleven wilderness areas of the Jefferson National Forest.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Biological Service, Virginia Tech Cooperative Park Studies Unit, Final Report.  79 p.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1994.  An assessment of trail conditions in Great Smoky Mountains National Park.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Southeast Region, Research/Resources Management Report, 152 p.

Roggenbuck, Joseph W., Jeffrey L. Marion, Robert E. Manning.  1994.  Day users in the backcountry: The neglected park visitor.  Trends 31(3)19-24.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1994.  Changes in campsite condition:  Results from campsite monitoring at Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Region, Research/Resources Management Report NPS/MARDEWA/NRTR-94/063, 83 p.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1994.  Trail conditions and management practices in the National Park Service.  Park Science 14(2):16-17. 

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1994.  A social science research plan for the Mid-Atlantic Region.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Region, Research/Resources Management Report NPS/NR/MAR-94/065, 33 p.

Widner, Carolyn and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1993.  Horse impacts: Research findings and their implications. Master Network, part 1 - 1993:No. 5 (pp. 5, 14); part 2 - 1994:No. 6 (pp. 5-6).

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Caroline S. Rogers.  1994.  The applicability of terrestrial visitor impact management strategies to the protection of coral reefs.  Ocean & Coastal Management 22(2): 153-163.

Marion, Jeffrey L., Joseph W. Roggenbuck, and Robert E. Manning.  1993.  Problems and practices in backcountry recreation management:  A survey of National Park Service Managers.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Natural Resources Report NPS/NRVT/NRR-93/12, 63 p. 

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1993.  Wilderness restoration: What role does it play in managing recreational impacts.  In: Proceedings, National Interagency Wilderness Conference.  A.C. Schmierer & C. Butler (compilers) May 17-21, 1993, Tucson, AZ.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Western Region, San Francisco, CA. pp. 46-49.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1993.  Recreation ecology research findings:  Implications for wilderness and park managers.  Virginia Cooperative Extension Service, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA.  Silviculture in the Appalachian Mountains, pp. 6-13 - 6-20.

Jensen, Peter, Dennis Regan, and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1993.  A trail development plan for the New River Gorge National River.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Region.  Final Report (converted to a park Trail Plan).  109 p. 

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1993.  Tourism impacts to protected areas: Procedures for the development of monitoring programs.  In: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Visitor Carrying Capacity Measurement at Historic Sites and Cities and Wilderness Protected Areas in Developing Countries. April 26-27, 1992, Belize City, Central America.

Williams, Peter, Jeffrey L. Marion, and Reuben Rajala.  1992.  A comprehensive trail inventory and recommendations for development and maintenance of a trail system in Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mid‑Atlantic Region, Final Research Report.  125 p. 

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Christopher J. Stubbs.  1992.  Campsite impact management: A survey of National Park Service backcountry managers.  In: Proceedings of the 1992 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium.  G.A. Stoep (Editor) April 5-7, 1992, Saratoga Springs, NY.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Expt. Stn., Gen. Tech. Rpt. NE-176, pp. 76-79. 

Williams, Peter B. and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1992.  Trail inventory and assessment approaches applied to trail system planning at Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area.  In: Proceedings of the 1992 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium.  G.A. Stoep (Editor)  April 5-7, 1992, Saratoga Springs, NY.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, General Technical Report NE-176, pp. 80-83. 

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1991.  Book Review of Wilderness Management, by J.C. Hendee, G.H. Stankey, and R.C. Lucas, 546 p., for the Journal of Forestry 89(11):38.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1991.  Results from the application of a campsite inventory and impact monitoring system in eleven Wilderness areas of the Jefferson National Forest.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mid‑Atlantic Region, Cooperative Park Studies Unit Report 73 p. 

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1991.  Ecological impacts of nature-dependent tourism.  In: Proceedings of the 1990 Travel and Tourism Research Association Conference, The Tourism Connection: Linking Research and Marketing.  June 10-13, 1990, New Orleans, LA.  pp. 243-249.

Marion, Jeffrey L. 1991. Developing a natural resource inventory and monitoring program for visitor impacts on recreation sites:  A procedural manual.   U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Natural Resources Report NPS/NRVT/NRR-91/06.  Denver, CO. 70p.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1990.  Inventory and impact monitoring of river recreation sites within the New River Gorge National River.   U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mid‑Atlantic Region.  Research/Resources Management Technical Rpt.  NPS/MAR/NRTR-90/047. Philadelphia, PA. 56 p.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Skip Snow.  1990.  Developing a campsite impact monitoring system for Everglades National Park: A case study.  In: Managing America's Enduring Wilderness Resource, Proceedings of the 1989 National Wilderness Management Conference.  September 11-17, 1989, Minneapolis, MN., University of Minnesota, pp. 192-198.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1989.  Book review of Soft Paths: How to Enjoy the Wilderness Without Harming It, by Bruce Hampton and David Cole, 173 p., for Park Science 9(2):21.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1989.  Inventory and management of trespass recreation use at Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River.  In: Proceedings of the 1989 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium.  T.A. More, M.P. Donnelly, A.R. Graefe, J.J. Vaske (Editors)  April 3-5, 1989, Saratoga Springs, NY., U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, General Technical Report NE-132, pp. 63-68.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and David N. Cole.  1989.  Recreational impact assessment and monitoring systems: Past, present and future.  In: Proceedings of the Conference on Science in the National Parks.  July 13‑18, 1986, Fort Collins, CO.  George Wright Society & U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. 

Marion, Jeffrey L. and David N. Cole.  1989.  Evaluating recreation impacts: A multi‑faceted research design.  Park Science 9(2):23‑24.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1989.  The design and development of a comprehensive trail survey.  In: Proceedings of the Ninth National Trails Symposium.  September 11‑14, 1988, Helen, GA. 

Cole, David N. and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1988.  Recreational impacts in some riparian forests of the eastern United States.  Environmental Management 12(1):99‑107. 

Marion, Jeffrey L. and John F. Karish.  1988.  Is R, T and E species management itself a "Threatened" candidate.  Park Science 9(1):20. 

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1988.  Inventory and impact monitoring of river campsites within the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mid‑Atlantic Region.  Research/Resources Management Rpt. MAR‑36. Philadelphia, PA. 94 p.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1988.  An inventory and assessment of impacts for river accesses and trespass recreation sites at the Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mid‑Atlantic Region.  Research/Resources Management Report. Philadelphia, PA. 25 p.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and David Haskell.  1988.  An analysis of visitor impacts and rehabilitation methods for backcountry campsites at Shenandoah National Park.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mid‑Atlantic Region.  Research/Resources Management Report. Philadelphia, PA.  38 p. 

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1987.  Campsite impact monitoring systems:  Application and development.  In: North Atlantic Region Conference on Science and Resource Management in Northeast National Parks, University of Massachusetts, March 30-31, 1987, Amherst, MA. 6 p.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1987.  Significant qualities of wilderness and monitoring.  In: Proceedings of the Third Annual National Outdoor Leadership Wilderness Research Colloquium.  D.N. Cole, R.C. Lucas (Compilers),  August 10-15, 1987, Lander, WY. pp. 16-18.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and David N. Cole.  1987.  Resource impacts at New River Gorge National River: Evaluation of impacts, their causes, and potential management.  In: New River Symposium.  April 9‑11, 1987, Boone, NC.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, New River Gorge National River. Oak Hill, WV. pp. 17‑26.  

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Toivo Sober.  1987.  Environmental impact management in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness.  Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 4(1):7‑10. 

Marion, Jeffrey L. and David N. Cole.  1987.  Ecological impacts on recreational sites at the Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River, Pennsylvania‑New York.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mid‑Atlantic Region.  Research/Resources Management Report MAR‑28. Philadelphia, PA. 77 p. 

Cole, David N. and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1987.  Ecological impacts on recreational sites at New River Gorge National River, West Virginia.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mid‑Atlantic Region.  Research/Resources Management Rpt. MAR‑30. Philadelphia, PA. 70 p.

Cole, David N. and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1987.  Ecological impacts on campsites at Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mid‑Atlantic Region.  Research/Resources Management Report MAR‑29. Philadelphia, PA. 79 p. 

Cole, David N. and Jeffrey L. Marion.  1986.  Wilderness campsite impacts: Changes over time.  In: Proceedings of the National Wilderness Research Conference: Current Research.  R.C. Lucas (Compiler)  July 23‑26, 1985, Fort Collins, CO.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. Ogden, UT.  General Technical Report, INT‑212, pp. 144‑151.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and David W. Lime.  1986.  Recreational resource impacts: Visitor perceptions and management responses.  In: Symposium Proceedings ‑ Wilderness and Natural Areas in the Eastern United States: A Management Challenge.  D.L. Kulhavy, R.N. Conner (Editors)  May 13‑15, 1985, Nacogdoches, TX.  Stephen F. Austin State University, School of Forestry, Center for Applied Studies. Nacogdoches, TX. pp. 229‑235. 

Marion, Jeffrey L., David N. Cole and Susan P. Bratton.  1986.  Exotic vegetation in wilderness areas.  In: Proceedings of the National Wilderness Research Conference: Current Research.  R.C. Lucas (Compiler)  July 23‑26, 1985, Fort Collins, CO.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. Ogden, UT.  General Technical Report, INT‑212, pp. 114‑120.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Lawrence C. Merriam.  1985.  Recreational impacts on well‑established campsites in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness.  University of Minnesota, Agricultural Experiment Station.  Station Technical Bulletin AD‑SB‑2502. St. Paul, MN. 16 p.

Marion, Jeffrey L. and Lawrence C. Merriam.  1985.  Predictability of recreational impact on soils.  Soil Science Society of America Journal 49(3):751‑753. 

Marion, Jeffrey L., David N. Cole and David Reynolds.  1985.  Limits of acceptable change: A framework for assessing carrying capacity.  Park Science 6(1):9‑11. 

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1984.  Methods for estimating recreational use:  A bibliography.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mid‑Atlantic Region.  Research/Resources Management Report.  Philadelphia, PA. 12 p.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1984.  Campsite impact assessment systems: Application, evaluation, and development.  In: Proceedings of the 1984 National River Recreation Symposium.  J.S. Popadic, D.I. Butterfield, D.H. Anderson, M.R. Popadic (Editors)  October 31‑November 3, 1984, Baton Rouge, LA.  Louisiana State University, College of Design, School of Landscape Architecture. Baton Rouge, LA. pp. 561‑573.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1984.  Ecological changes resulting from recreational use: A study of backcountry campsites in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness, Minnesota.  University of Minnesota, Department of Forest Resources.  Ph.D. Dissertation.  279 p.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1981.  Recreational impact on wilderness wildlife and implications for management.  University of Minnesota, Department of Forest Resources.  M.S. Thesis (part 2).  28 p.

Marion, Jeffrey L.  1981.  A research proposal and design for studying ecological changes on wilderness campsites.  University of Minnesota, Department of Forest Resources.  M.S. Thesis (part 1).  74 p.


Recreation Ecology

Image of Current Focus for Recreation Ecology

Visitor Impacts to Protected Natural Areas 

Research and monitoring to evaluate environmental impacts resulting from recreational activity in protected natural areas.  Research to identify, monitor, manage, and rehabilitate recreation impacts.  Research to evaluate the efficacy of educational, regulatory, and site management actions designed to minimize recreation impacts; the preferences and acceptability of such actions to visitors; and how such actions affect visitor experiences.  Research to support and improve carrying capacity planning and decision making. 

 

Address: Virginia Tech/CNRE, FREC;  304 Cheatham Hall (0324);  Blacksburg, VA 24061  

E-mail:  jmarion@vt.edu   Phone: 540/231-6603


Recognitions

William T. Hornaday Natural Resource Conservation Gold Medal Award (2007), Boy Scouts of America, National Office – Scouting’s most selective and prestigious national conservation award, presented by the National BSA Conservation Committee to a scouting leader who has rendered distinguished and unusual service at the national level to natural resource conservation and environmental improvement over an extended time. “Jeff’s long-term commitment to developing, promoting and teaching Leave No Trace practices have led many to better respect and responsibly visit our frontcountry, backcountry and wilderness areas. His efforts led to a greater involvement in LNT by scouting through its adoption as an integral part of the national scouting program.”

Distinguished Service Medal, presented by the Boy Scouts of America for volunteer service to advance Leave No Trace education and training within the BSA. “Dr. Marion has provided 20 years of assistance to the Boy Scouts of America to incorporate Leave No Trace practices and ethics in the Scout Handbook, Scout Fieldbook, Merit Badge pamphlets, and numerous BSA courses. He was a founding and active member of the BSA Leave No Trace Task Force, a national group that guides LNT educational efforts within the BSA.”

Featured in the 2012 Leave No Trace Annual Report for substantial “Member Activism”. Excerpt: “Jeff Marion, recreation ecologist with the U.S. Geological Survey … has played a critical role with the Leave No Trace Center for Outdoor Ethics since the organization was formed. A founding Leave No Trace board member and long-standing member of the Center’s Educational Review Committee, Jeff’s research and activism have helped propel Leave No Trace programming.


Contact Information

Jeff Marion
106 Cheatham Hall, VPI and SU, VPI&SU
Blacksburg, VA 24061
540-231-6603
Back to top

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://profile.usgs.gov/professional/mypage.php
Page Contact Information:Ask USGS
Page Last Modified: January 24 2013 17:21:51.
Version: 2.6