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Kimberly Wickland

Research Ecologist

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Short Biography

I am an ecologist who studies biogeochemical cycling of carbon in terrestrial and aquatic systems. My education includes an undergraduate degree in Zoology with an emphasis on Limnology (Miami University, Ohio), and graduate degrees in Biology and Geological Sciences with an emphasis on biogeochemical cycles (MA, PhD - Univ. Colorado-Boulder). I have significant expertise in the study of carbon dioxide and methane gas production, uptake, and emissions from terrestrial and aquatic systems, as well as the generation and fate of terrestrially-derived dissolved organic carbon. I study a large range of ecosystems, including wetlands, forests, tundra, lakes, streams, and rivers in temperate and northern high latitude regions.

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Wickland, K.P., A.V. Krusche, R.K. Kolka, A.W. Kishimoto-Mo, R.A. Chimner, Y. Serengil, S. Ogle, N. Srivastava, 2014, Chapter 5: Inland Wetland Mineral Soils, In: IPCC 2014, 2013 Supplement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Wetlands, Hiraishi, T., Krug, T., Tanabe, K., Srivastava, N., Baasansuren, J., Fukuda, M. and Troxler, T.G. (eds). Published: IPCC, Switzerland. [Link]

Turetsky, M.R., Kotowska, A., Bubier, J., Dise, N.B., Crill, P., Hornibrook, E.R.C., Minkkinen, K., Moore, T.R., Myers-Smith, I.H., Nykanen, H., Olefeldt, D., Rinne, J., Saarnio, S., Shurpali, N., Tuittila, E.-S., Waddington, J.M., White, J.R., Wickland, K.P., and Wilmking, M., 2014, A synthesis of methane emissions from 71 northern, temperate, and subtropical wetlands, Global Change Biology, doi:10.1111/gcb.12580. [Link]

Tas, N., Prestat, E., McFarland, J.W., Wickland, K.P., Knight, R., Berhe, A.A., Jorgenson, T., Waldrop, M.P., and Jansson, J.K., 2014, Impact of fire on active layer and permafrost microbial communities and metagenomes in an upland Alaskan boreal forest, The ISME Journal, 8: 1904-1919, doi:10.1038/ismej.2014.36. [Link]

Mu, C., Zhang, T., Schuster, P.F., Schaefer, K., Wickland, K.P., Repert, D.A., Liu, L., Schaefer, T., Cheng, G., 2014, Carbon and geochemical properties of cryosols on the North Slope of Alaska, Cold Regions Science and Technology, 100: 59-67. [Link]

Johnston, C.E., Ewing, S.A., Harden, J.W., Varner, R.K., Wickland, K.P., Koch, J.C., Fuller, C.C., Manies, K., and Jorgenson, M.T., 2014, Effect of permafrost thaw on CO2 and CH4 exchange in a western Alaska peatland chronosequence, Environ, Res. Lett. 9 (2014) 085004. [Link]

He, Y., Zhuang, Q., Harden, J.W., McGuire, A.D., Fan, Z., Liu, Y., and Wickland, K.P., 2014, The implications of microbial and substrate limitation for the fates of carbon in different organic soil horizon types of boreal forest ecosystems: a mechanistically based model analysis, Biogeosciences, 11, 4477-4491, doi:10.5194/bg-11-4477-2014. [Link]

Koch, J.C., Kikuchi, C.P., Wickland, K.P., and Shcuster, P., 2014, Runoff sources and flow paths in a partially burned, upland boreal catchment underlain by permafrost, Water Res. Research, doi:10.1002/2014WR015586. [Link]

Crawford, J.T., R.G. Striegl, K.P. Wickland, M.M. Dornblaser, and E.H. Stanley, 2013, Emissions of carbon dioxide and methane from a headwater stream network of interior Alaska, J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 118, doi:10.1002/jgrg.20034. [Link]

E. A. G. Schuur, B. W. Abbott, W. B. Bowden, V. Brovkin, P. Camill, J. G. Canadell, J. P. Chanton, F. S. Chapin III, T. R. Christensen, P. Ciais, B. T. Crosby, C. I. Czimczik, G. Grosse,J. Harden, D. J. Hayes, G. Hugelius, J. D. Jastrow, J. B. Jones, T. Kleinen, C. D. Koven, G. Krinner, P. Kuhry, D. M. Lawrence, A. D. McGuire, S. M. Natali, J. A. O’Donnell, C. L. Ping,W. J. Riley, A. Rinke, V. E. Romanovsky, A. B. K. Sannel, C. Schädel, K. Schaefer, J. Sky, Z. M. Subin, C. Tarnocai, M. R. Turetsky, M. P. Waldrop, K. M. Walter Anthony, K. P. Wickland,C. J. Wilson and S. A. Zimov, 2013, Expert assessment of vulnerability of permafrost carbon to climate change, Climatic Change, 10.1007/s10584-013-0730-7. [Link]

Jorgenson, M.T., J. Harden, M. Kanevskiy, J. O’Donnell, K. Wickland, S. Ewing, K. Manies, Q. Zhuan, Y. Shur, R. Striegl, J. Koch, 2013, Reorganization of vegetation, hydrology and soil carbon after permafrost degradation across heterogeneous boreal landscapes, Environ. Res. Lett., 8, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/035017, 13p. [Link]

Wickland, K.P., G.R. Aiken, K. Butler, M.M. Dornblaser, R.G.M. Spencer, and R.G. Striegl, 2012, Biodegradability of dissolved organic carbon in the Yukon River and its tributaries: seasonality and importance of inorganic nitrogen, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26, GB0E03, doi:10.1029/2012GB0004342. [Link]

Kelsey, K.C., Wickland, K.P., Neff, J.C., and Striegl, R.G, 2012, Variation in soil carbon dioxide at two spatial scales in a topographically complex boreal forest, Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 44(4): 457-468, doi: [Link]

Grosse, G., Harden, J., Turetsky, M., McGuire, A.D., Camill, P., Tarnocai, C., Frolking, S., Schuur, E.A.G. Jorgenson, T., Marchenko, S., Romanovsky, V., Wickland, K.P., N. French, N., Waldrop, M., Bourgeau-Chavez, L., and Striegl, R.G., 2011, Vulnerability of high-latitude soil organic carbon in North America to disturbance, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, G00K06, doi:10.1029/2010JG001507. [Link]

O’Donnell, J.A., Jorgenson, M.T., Harden, J.W., McGuire, A.D., Kanevskiy, M.Z., and Wickland, K.P., 2011, The effects of permafrost thaw on soil hydrologic, thermal, and carbon dynamics in an Alaskan peatland, Ecosystems, doi:10.1007/s10021-011-9504-0, published online by journal Nov. 17, 2011, 17pp. [Link]

Wickland, K.P., Neff, J.C., and Harden, J.W., 2010, The role of soil drainage class in carbon dioxide exchange and decomposition in boreal black spruce (Picea mariana) forest stands, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 40 (11): 2123-2134. [Link]

Waldrop, M.P., Wickland, K.P., White, R., Berhe, A.A., Harden, J.W., and Romanovsky, V.E., 2010, Molecular investigations into a globally important carbon pool: Permafrost-protected carbon in Alaskan soils, Global Change Biology, 16 (9): 2543-2554. [Link]

Fan, Z., Neff, J.C., and Wickland, K.P., 2010, Modeling the production, decomposition, and transport of dissolved organic carbon in boreal soils: Soil Science, v. 175, no. 5, p. 223-232.

Wickland, K.P., and Neff, J.C., 2008, Decomposition of soil organic matter from boreal black spruce forest: Environmental and chemical controls: Biogeochemistry, 87:29-47, doi:10.1007/s10533-007-9166-3. [Link]

Spencer, R.G., Aiken, G.R., Wickland, K.P., Striegl, R.G., and Hernes, P.J., 2008, Seasonal and spatial variability in dissolved organic matter quantity and composition from the Yukon River basin, Alaska: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, v. 22, GB4002, doi:10.1029/2008GB003231. [Link]

Fan, Z., Neff, J.C., Harden, J.W., and Wickland, K.P., 2008, Boreal soil carbon dynamics under a changing climate -A model inversion approach: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 113, G04016, doi:10.1029/2008JG000723. [Link]

Striegl, R.G., Dornblaser, M.M., Aiken, G.R., Wickland, K.P., and Raymond, P.A., 2007, Carbon export and cycling by the Yukon, Tanana, and Porcupine Rivers, Alaska, 2001-2005: Water Resources Research, 43, W02411, doi:10.1029/2006WR005201. [Link]

Wickland, K.P., Neff, J.C., and Aiken, G.R., 2007, Dissolved organic carbon in Alaskan boreal forest: Sources, chemical characteristics, and biodegradability: Ecosystems, 10(8):1323-1340, doi:10.1007/s10021-007-9104-4. [Link]

Wickland, K.P., Striegl, R.G., Neff, J.C., and Sachs, T., 2006, Effects of permafrost melting on CO2 and CH4 exchange of a poorly-drained black spruce lowland: Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 111, G02011, doi:10.1029/2005JG000099. [Link]

Striegl, R.G., Aiken, G.R., Dornblaser, M.M., Raymond, P.A., and Wickland, K.P., 2005, A decrease in discharge-normalized DOC export by the Yukon River during summer through autumn: Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L21413, doi:10.1029/2005GL024413. [Link]

Wickland, K.P., Striegl, R.G., Mast, M.A., and Clow, D.W., 2001, Carbon gas exchange at a southern Rocky Mountain wetland, 1996-1998: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 15(2): 321-335. [Link]

Striegl, R.G., and K.P. Wickland, 2001, Soil respiration and photosynthetic uptake of carbon dioxide by ground-cover plants in four ages of jack pine forest, Can. J. For. Res., 31(9): 1540-1550, doi:10.1139/x01-092 [Link]

Striegl, R.G., Schindler, J.E., Wickland, K.P., Hudson, D.C., and Knight, G., 2000, Patterns of carbon dioxide and methane saturation in 34 Minnesota and Wisconsin Lakes: Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol., 27: 1424-1427.

Wickland, K.P., Striegl, R.G., Schmidt, S.K., and Mast, M.A., 1999, Methane fluxes in subalpine wetland and unsaturated soils in the southern Rocky Mountains: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 13(1): 101-113. [Link]

Mast, M.A., Wickland, K.P., Striegl, R.G., and Clow, D.W., 1998, Winter fluxes of CO2 and CH4 from subalpine soils in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 12(4): 607-620. [Link]

Striegl, R.G., and Wickland, K.P., 1998, Effects of a clear-cut harvest on soil respiration on a jack pine-lichen woodland: Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 28: 534-539.

Wickland, K.P., and Striegl, R.G., 1997, Measurements of soil carbon dioxide and methane concentrations and fluxes, and soil properties at four ages of jack pine forest in the Southern Study Area of the Boreal Ecosystem Atmosphere Study, Saskatchewan, Canada, 1993-95: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-49, 73 pp.


My Science Topics

Science Topic
Ecology and Environmentaquatic ecosystems
Ecology and Environmentecological processes
Ecology and Environmentecosystem functions
Ecology and Environmentecosystems
Ecology and Environmentforests
Ecology and Environmentfreshwater ecosystems
Ecology and Environmenttundras
Ecology and Environmentwetlands
Environmental Issuesland use change
Environmental Issuessurface water quality
Water Resourcessurface water
Water Resourceswater quality

My USGS Science Strategy Areas

Climate Variability & Change

Understanding Ecosystems & Predicting Ecosystems Change

Terrestrial-Aquatic-Atmosphere Exchange of Carbon

The broad objective of my research is to determine organic carbon metabolism rates and controls as a fundamental component of the terrestrial-aquatic-atmospheric exchange of carbon. I quantify the relative importance of intrinsic substrate properties and environmental variables to carbon metabolism, and the impact of climate change and other disturbances. My research is focused on boreal and arctic systems, where nearly of the global soil organic pool resides and is vulnerable to climate change. My specific research objectives include: 1) quantifying the release of carbon dioxide, methane, and dissolved organic carbon from landscapes experiencing permafrost thaw, and 2) quantifying rates and controls of the metabolism of terrestrially-derived DOC in freshwater systems of boreal and arctic regions, and the dependence on source and chemical character. In addition, I study terrestrial-aquatic C linkages in temperate headwater-watersheds as part of the USGS Water, Energy, and Biogeochemical Budgets (WEBB) program.

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Contact Information

Kimberly Wickland
Boulder, CO 80309
303-541-3084 - Fax
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