USGS Professional Pages
Res. GeophysicistContact Info
My current work is examining earthquakes that are potentially related to human activities. I am mostly focused on earthquakes and their relationship to wastewater disposal activities associated with oil/gas and CO2 sequestration. I am presently investigating the seismicity in the Raton Basin (CO and NM). I am also involved in a larger effort to help integrate induced earthquakes and potentially induced earthquakes into the upcoming version of the USGS National Seismic Hazard Map.
I have recently tested the time- and slip-predictable models for earthquake recurrence using the most regular earthquake sources I can find: repeating earthquakes and laboratory earthquakes. I find that these models are demonstrably worse at predicting the time/slip of the following earthquake than simpler characteristic earthquake models. As part of this work, I have developed a new method for determining the relative sizes of repeating earthquakes using the Singular Value Decomposition (SVD).
The other main thrust of my recent research is examining nonlinear strong ground motion. Recently I have shown that even the shaking in medium magnitude earthquakes (M4-5) can be nonlinear. I have also used the high similarity of repeating earthquakes to identify small velocity changes that are one of the hallmarks of nonlinear strong ground motion.
Rubinstein, J.L. and W.L. Ellsworth, Variable Loading Rates and Fault Strengths Make Some Repeating Earthquakes Obey the Slip-Predictable Model, manuscript in preparation for GRL.
Chen, K.H. T. Furumura, J.L. Rubinstein , and R-J Rau, Modeling the Healing of Subsurface Damage After the 1999 Chi-Chi Earthquake, manuscript in preparation for GRL.
Pollitz, F.F., W.L. Ellsworth, and J. L. Rubinstein, Interpretation of S waves generated by near-surface chemical explosions at SAFOD, manuscript in preparation for BSSA.
Lay, T., Y. Fujii, E. Geis, K. Koketsu, J. Rubinstein, T. Sagiya, and M. Simons (2013), Introduction to the Special Issue on the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 103, pp. 1165-1170, doi: 10.1785/0120130001
Pollitz, F.F., J.L. Rubinstein, and W.L. Ellsworth (2012), Source Characterization of Near-Surface Chemical Explosions, BSSA, v. 102, pp. 1348-1360, doi:10.1785/012011201.
Rubinstein, J.L., W.L. Ellsworth, K.H. Chen, and N. Uchida (2012), The Time and Slip-Predictable Models Cannot be Dependably Used to Predict Earthquake Behavior 1: Repeating Earthquakes, JGR, v. 117, B02306, doi:10.1029/2011JB008724.
Rubinstein, J.L., W.L. Ellsworth, N. Beeler, B.D. Kilgore, D. Lockner, and H. Savage (2012), The Time- and Slip-Predictable Models Cannot be Dependably Used to Predict Earthquake Behavior 2: Laboratory Earthquakes, JGR , v. 117, B02307, doi:10.1029/2011JB008723.
Chen, K.H., T. Furumura, J.L. Rubinstein, and R-J Rau (2011), Observations of Changes in Waveform Character Induced by the 1999 Mw 7.6 Chi-Chi Earthquake , GRL v. 38, L23302, doi:10.1029/2011GL049841.
Rubinstein, J.L. (2011), Nonlinear Site Response in Medium Magnitude Earthquakes Near Parkfield, CA, BSSA, vol 101, pp. 275 - 286, doi: 10.1785/0120090396.
Rubinstein, J.L. and W.L. Ellsworth (2010), Precise Estimation of Repeating Earthquake Moment: Example from Parkfield California, BSSA, vol. 100, pp. 1952-1961, doi: 10.1785/0120100007.
Gomberg, J. and the Cascadia 2007 and Beyond Working Group (2010), Slow-slip phenomena in Cascadia from 2007 and beyond: A review, GSA Bulletin, v. 122, 963-978, doi: 10.1130/B30287
Rubinstein, J.L., D.R. Shelly, and W.L. Ellsworth (2010), Non-Volcanic Tremor: A Window into the Roots of Fault Zone, in New Frontiers in Integrated Solid Earth Sciences, edited by S. Cloetingh and J. Negendank, pp. 287-314, Springer Netherlands.
Rubinstein, J.L., J. Gomberg, J.E. Vidale, A.G. Wech, H. Kao, K.C. Creager, G. Rogers (2009), Seismic Wave Triggering of Non-Volcanic Tremor, ETS, and Earthquakes on Vancouver Island, JGR, vol. 114, B00A01, doi:10.1029/2008JB005875.
Peng, Z., J.E. Vidale., K.C. Creager, J.L. Rubinstein , J. Gomberg, and P.Bodin (2008), Strong tremor near Parkfield, CA excited by the 2002 Denali earthqauke , GRL , vol. 35, L23305, doi:10.1029/2008GL036080.
Rubinstein, J.L. , M. La Rocca, J.E. Vidale, K.C. Creager, A.G. Wech (2008), Tidal Modulation of Non-Volcanic Tremor, Science, v319, pp. 186-189.
J. Gomberg, J.L. Rubinstein, Z. Peng, K.C. Creager, J.E. Vidale (2008), Widespread Triggering of Non-Volcanic Tremor in California, Science, v. 319, pp. 173.
Rubinstein, J.L., J.E. Vidale, J. Gomberg, P. Bodin, K.C. Creager, S. Malone (2007), Non-Volcanic Tremor Driven by Large Transient Shear Stresses, Nature , vol 448, pp 579-582.
Rubinstein, J.L., N. Uchida, and G.C. Beroza (2007), Seismic Velocity Reductions Caused by the 2003 Tokachi-Oki Earthquake,JGR, vol 112, B05315, doi:10.1029/2006JB004440.
Rubinstein, J.L. and G.C. Beroza (2007), Full Waveform Earthquake Location: Application to Seismic Streaks on the Calaveras Fault, California , JGR, vol. 112, B05303, doi:10.1029/2006B004463.
Rubinstein, J. L. and G. C. Beroza (2005), Depth Constraints on Nonlinear Strong Ground Motion from the 2004 Parkfield Earthquake, GRL, vol. 32, L14313, doi: 10.1029/2005GL023189..
Rubinstein, J. L. and G. C. Beroza (2004), Nonlinear Strong Ground Motion in the Ml5.4 Chittenden Earthquake: Evidence that Preexisting Damage Increases Susceptibility to Further Damage, GRL, v. 31, L23614, doi: 10.1029/2004GL021357.
Rubinstein, J. L. and G. C. Beroza (2004), Evidence for Widespread Nonlinear Strong Ground Motion in the Mw6.9 Loma Prieta Earthquake , BSSA, Vol. 94, No. 5, pp. 1595–1608.
Hooper, A., P. Segall, K. Johnson, and J. L. Rubinstein (2002). Reconciling Seismic and Geodetic Models of the 1989 Kilauea South Flank Earthquake, GRL, v. 29, no. 22, doi: 10.1029/2002GL016156.
Baher, S., P. Davis, G. Fuis, J. L. Rubinstein, M. Kohler, S. Persh, and A. Provost (2002). Earthquake Data Report for LARSE II: High Resolution Survey, Santa Monica, California, U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report.
Davis, P., J. L. Rubinstein, K. Liu, S. Gao, and L. Knopoff (2000). Northridge Earthquake Damage Caused by Geologic Focusing of Seismic Waves, Science, v 289. no. 5485, pp. 1746-1750.
My Science Topics
My USGS Science Strategy AreasA National Hazard, Risk, and Resilience Assessment Program
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Menlo Park, CA 94025
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