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James Constantz


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Short Biography

Entered service with the Department of Interior in the summer of 1969 as a Trail Crew I for National Park Service in Kings Canyon National Park, and after completing a doctorate in the College of Natural Resources UC Berkeley, became a Research Hydrologistfor the National Research Program within U.S. Geologial Survey in 1980 at the Palo Alto (CA) Deer Creek facility, carrying out both laboratory and field research on the influence of temperature on shallow transport properties and processes, and eventual pioneering the use of heat as tracer to examine stream exchanges with shallow groundwater.

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Constantz, J., 1979, Temperature dependence of soil water movement during evaporation: Berkeley, CA, University of California, Ph.D. Desertion; University Microfilm, Ann Arbor, MI. pp.81.

Constantz, J., 1982, Temperature dependence of unsaturated hydraulic conductivity of two soils, Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J., vol. 26, 466-470.

Constantz, J., 1983a, Laboratory analysis of water retention in unsaturated zone materials at high temperatures, p.147-164, in Mercer (ed.) The role of the unsaturated zone in radioactive and hazardous waste disposal. Ann Arbor Press, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Constantz, J., 1983b, Adequacy of a compact double-cap infiltrometer compared to the ASTM double-ring infiltrometer, p.226-231, in Slack (ed.) Advances in infiltration. Amer. Soc. Agric. Engr., St. Joseph, Michigan.

Constantz, J. and Herkelrath, W.N., 1984, Submersible pressure outflow cell for measurement of soil water retention and diffusivity from 5 to 95 C, Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J., vol. 48, 7-10.

Constantz, J., 1987, R.E. Moore and Yolo Light Clay, p.99-101, in Landa and Ince (eds.) History of Geophysics, vol.3, Amer. Geophy. Union, Wash, D.C.

Constantz, J. and F. Murphy, 1987, An automated technique for flow measurement from a mariotte reservoir, Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J., vol. 51, 252-254.

Constantz, J. and W.N. Herkelrath, 1988, Field measurements of the influence of entrapped air upon ponded infiltration rates, p. 398-408, in Fok (ed.) Infiltration Principles and Practices, Univer. Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Constantz, J., W.N. Herkelrath, and F. Murphy, 1988, Air encapsulation during infiltration, Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J., vol. 52, 10-16.

Constantz, J., 1989, Distillation irrigation: a low-energy process for coupling water purification and drip irrigation, Agric. Water Manag. J., vol.15, 253-264.

Constantz, J., and F. Murphy, 1990, Monitoring moisture storage in trees using time-domain reflectometry, J. Hydrol., vol. 119, 31-42.

Constantz, J. 1991, Apparatus for water desalination and drip irrigation of row crops, United States Office of Patents and Trademarks, Patent No. 5,067,272.

Constantz, J., 1991, Comparison of isothermal and isobaric water retention paths in nonswelling porous materials, Water Resour. Res., vol. 27, 31-65-3170.

Constantz, J., and F. Murphy, 1991, The temperature dependence of ponded infiltration under isothermal conditions, J. Hydrol., vol. 122, 119-128.

Constantz, J., 1993, Confirmation of rate-dependent behavior in water retention in nonswelling porous material, Water Resour. Res., vol. 29, 1331-1334.

Constantz, J., C.L. Thomas, and G. Zellweger, 1994, The influence of diurnal stream temperature variations on streamflow and recharge, Water Resour. Res., vol. 30, 3253-3264.

Constantz, J., 1995, Determination of water retention in stratified porous materials, Transp. Porous Media, vol. 18, 217-229.

Constantz, J., and G. Zellweger, 1995, Relations between stream temperature, discharge, and stream/groundwater interaction along several mountain streams, in B.T. Guy and J. Barnard (eds.) Mountain Hydrology, Can. Water Resour. Ass., p. 79-85.

Constantz, J. and C.L. Thomas, 1996, The use of streambed temperatures profiles to estimate depth, duration, and rate of percolation beneath arroyos, Water Resour. Res., vol. 32, 3597-3602.

Green, T.R., J. Constantz, J. and D.L. Freyberg, 1996, Upscaled soil-water retention using van Genuchten’s Function, ASCE, WRE Div., vol.1, 123-131.

Constantz, J. and C.L. Thomas, 1997, Streambed temperature profiles as indicators of percolation characteristics beneath arroyos in the Middle Rio Grande Basin, USA, Hydrol. Process., vol. 11, 1621-1634.

Constantz, J., D. Stonestrom, and C.L. Thomas, 1997, Tributary, Mountain-front, and inter-arroyo recharge in the Middle Rio Grande Basin, New Mexico, U.S. Geological Survey OFR97-116, p.43.

Ronan, A.D., A.E. Stewart, and J. Constantz, 1997, Modeling heat and water movement beneath streams in arid environments, U.S. Geological Survey OFR97-116, p.46.

Thomas, C.L. and J. Constantz, 1997, Test of streambed temperature profile method for measuring percolation rates beneath Santa Fe River, New Mexico, U.S. Geological Survey OFR97-116, p.49. [I co-lead this project.]

Constantz, J. 1998, Interaction between stream temperature, streamflow, and groundwater exchanges in alpine streams, Water Resour. Res., vol. 34(7), 1609-1615.

Ronan, A.D., D.E. Prudic, C. E. Thodal, and J. Constantz, 1998, Field study and simulation of diurnal temperature effects on infiltration and variably saturated flow beneath an ephemeral stream, Water Resour. Res., vol.34(9), 2197-2153.

Constantz, J., R. Niswonger, and A.E. Stewart, 1999, The use of heat as a tracer to estimate recharge beneath streams and artificial recharge ponds, in (ed.) R.D. Bartlett, Artificial Recharge of Groundwater, Amer. Soc. Civil. Engin., 193-203.

Constantz, J., 1999, A process for simultaneous solar distillation and drip irrigation, USGS Fact Sheet 99-144, 1-2.

Thomas, C.L., A.E. Stewart, and J. Constantz, 2000, Comparison of methods to determine infiltration and percolation rates along a reach of the Santa Fe River near La Bajada, New Mexico, U.S.G.S. Water Resour. Invest. Rep. 00-4141, pp.31. 

Constantz, J., D.A. Stonestrom, A.E. Stewart, R. Niswonger, and TR. Smith, 2001, Analysis of streambed temperatures in ephemeral channels to determine streamflow frequency and duration, Water Resour. Res. Vol. 37(2), 317-328.

Constantz, J., J. Japerse, D. Seymour, and G. W. Su, 2002, Use of temperature to estimate streambed conductance, Russian River, Californian, in J.F Kenny (ed.) Surface water/groundwater Interactions, American Water Resources Assoc., Middleburg, VI, 595-600.

Cox, M., D. Rosenberry, G. W. Su, T. Conlon, K. Lee, and J. Constantz, 2002, Comparison of methods to estimate streambed seepage rates, in J.F Kenny (ed.) Surface water/groundwater Interactions, American Water Resources Assoc., Middleburg, VI, 519-523. 

Bartolino, J. and J. Constantz, 2002, How mountain-front recharge is studied, in J. Bartolino and J. C. Coles (eds.) Ground-water resources of the Middle Rio Grande Basin, New Mexico, USGS Circular 1222, 74-75.

Constantz, J., A. E. Stewart, R. Niswonger, and S. Sarma, 2002, Analysis of temperature profiles for investigating stream losses beneath ephemeral streams, Water Resour. Res., vol. 38(12), 52-1 – 52-13.

Constantz, J. S. Tyler, and E. Kwicklis, 2003, Temperature-profile methods for estimating percolation rates in arid environments, Vadose Zone J., vol. 2(1), 12-24.

Constantz, J., M. Cox, and G.W. Su, 2003, Comparison of heat and Bromide for examining Stream exchanges with shallow ground water, Ground Water, vol. 41(5), 647-656.

Stonestrom, D.A. and Constantz, J. (eds.), 2003, Heat as a tool for studying ground-water movement near streams, USGS Circular 1260, pp. 96.

Constantz, J., 2003, Heat tracing as a hydrological tool near streams, In  D. Stonestrom and J. Constantz (ed.) Heat as a tool for studying ground-water movement near streams, USGS Circular 1260, 1-6.

Constantz, J. M. Cox, G. Mendez, G. W. Su, and L. Sarma, 2003, The meandering Santa Clara River of Los Angeles, In J. Constantz (ed.) Heat as a tool for studying ground-water movement near streams, USGS Circular 1260, 21-28.

Constantz, J., 2003, Dams and downstream ground water, Hydrological Processes, vol. 17, 3533-3535.

Constantz, J. and E. Essaid, 2004, The influence of ground water on stream restoration following dam removal, Proceedings  Amer. Water Resour. Ass. Conf., Riparian Ecosystems and Buffers, Olympic Valley, CA, June 28-30, 2004, CD-ROM Sec. P, p. 1-5.

Niswonger, R., D. Prudic, G. Pohl, and J. Constantz, 2005, Incorporating seepage losses into the unsteady streamflow equations for simulating intermittent flow along mountain front streams, Water Resour. Res., Vol. 41, W06006, doi:1029.

Burow, K., J. Constantz, and R. Fujii, 2005, Heat as a tracer to estimate dissolved organic carbon flux from a restored wetland, Ground Water, Vol. 43(4), 545-556.

Constantz, J., G.W. Su, and C. Hatch, 2006, Heat as a ground water tracer at the Russian River RBF facility, Sonoma County, California, p. 243-259, in Hubbs, S.A. (ed.) Riverbank Filtration Hydrology, Springer Pub., Dordrecht.

Hatch, C., A. Fisher, J. Revenaugh, J. Constantz, and C. Ruehl, 2006, Quantifying surface water – ground water interactions using time series analysis of streambed thermal Records, Water Resour. Res., Vol. 42 , 10410,  doi:10.1029/2005WR004787.

Constantz, J. and H. Essaid, 2006, Influence of ground-water pumping on streamflow restoration following upstream dam removal, Hydrologic Processes, vol. 20, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6520.

Cox, M., J. Constantz, and G. Su, 2007, Water quality parameters as ground-water tracers along the Russian River, CA, Ground Water vol. 45, DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-6584.2006.0027. 

Su, G. W., J. Jasperse, D. Seymour, J. Constantz, and Q. Zhou, 2007, Simulation Analysis of Pumping-Induced Unsaturated Regions Beneath a Perennial River, Water Resour. Res.. VOL. 43, W08421, doi:10.1029/2006WR005389, 2007. 

Stonestrom, D., J. Constantz, T.P.A. Ferre, and S.A. Leake (2008) Ground-Water Recharge in the Arid and Semiarid Southwest, U.S.A. (eds.) U.S. Geological Survey Prof. Pap. 1703, 414 pp.

Constantz, J., K. Adams, and D. Stonestrom (2008) Introduction to Focused Recharge Site, in  Stonestrom, D., J. Constantz, T.P.A. Ferre, and S.A. Leake, Ground-Water Recharge in the Arid and Semiarid Southwest, U.S.A. (eds.) U.S. Geological Survey Prof. Pap. 1703, 414 pp.

Blasch, K. and J. Constantz (2008) A framework for the application of thermal methods to monitoring focused recharge, in Stonestrom, D., J. Constantz, T.P.A. Ferre, and S.A. Leake, Ground-Water Recharge in the Arid and Semiarid Southwest, U.S.A. (eds.) U.S. Geological Survey Prof. Pap. 1703, 414 pp.

Constantz, J., R. Niswonger, and A. Stewart (2008) Analysis of sediment-temperature gradients to determine stream exchanges with ground water, in D. Rosenberry and  J. Labaugh  (eds.) Field Techniques for Estimating Water Fluxes Between Surface Water and Ground Water, U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods Report 4-D2. 128 pp.

Constantz, J (2008) Heat as a tracer to determine streambed water exchange, Water Resour. Res. 44, W00D10, doi:10.1029/2008WR006996.

Risley, J., J. Constantz, H. Essaid, and S. Rounds (2010) Effects of an upstream dam and in-reach groundwater pumping on stream temperature, Water Resour. Res., VOL. 46, W06517, doi:10.1029/2009WR008587.

Shope, C. L., J. Constantz, C. A. Cooper, D. M. Reeves, G. Pohll, and A.McKay (2012), Influence of a large fluvial island, streambed, and stream bank on surface water-groundwater fluxes and water table dynamics, Water Resour. Res., Vol. 48,W06512, doi:10.1029/2011WR011564. 

Eddy-Miller, C.A., J. Constantz, J. Wheeler, R. A. Cadwell, and J. R. B. Barlow (2012) Demonstrating Usefulness of Real-Time Monitoring at Streambank Wells Coupled with Active Streamgages—Pilot Studies in Wyoming, Montana, and Mississippi. USGS Fact Sheet 2012-3054, pp. 6.

Constantz, J., J. Barlow, C. A. Eddy-Miller, R. Caldwell and J. Wheeler (2012) Expanded Stream Gauging Includes Groundwater Data and Trends Eos, Vol. 93, No. 48, 497-499.

Constantz, J., Cheryl A. Eddy-Miller, Jerrod D. Wheeler, and Hedeff I. Essaid (2013), Streambed exchanges along tributary streams in humid  watersheds, Water Resour. Res, Vol. 49, 1–8, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20194.


My Science Topics

Science Topic
Water Resourcesaquifers
Water Resourcesground water
Water Resourcesmovement and recharge
Water Resourcesstreamflow
Water Resourcessurface water
Water Resourcesthermal features

My USGS Science Strategy Areas

Understanding Ecosystems & Predicting Ecosystems Change

Stream exchanges with groundwater

Research focuses on the use of heat and other natural tracers to advance our knowledge of stream and other surface-water exchanges with shallow groundwater, with an emphasis on the physical, chemical and biologic impacts of these exchanges on streambeds and other shallow sediments in reference to overall water and biologic resources in watersheds.

Contact Information

James Constantz
345 Middlefield Road
Menlo Park, CA 94025
650-329-4327 - Fax
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