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Roger Borcherdt

Emeritus

Contact Info


Short Biography

 

Roger Borcherdt is a geophysicist at the U. S. Geological Survey in Menlo Park, California and past visiting Shimizu and consulting professor at Stanford University. He received a Ph.D. in engineering geoscience with minors in applied mathematics and theoretical statistics from the University of California at Berkeley. Dr. Borcherdt is the recipient of the U.S. Department of Interior's highest honor award the Distinguished Service Award as well as the Meritorious Service Award. He is an honorary member of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, a member or chair of numerous scientific advisory panels, past editor of Earthquake Spectra, co-inventor of the General Earthquake Observation System (GEOS), patent number 4,603,486, recipient of 1994 and 2002 Outstanding Paper Awards of Earthquake Spectra, and a registered Geophysicist in the State of California (GP 163, 1972).  He has held a number of leadership positions with the U.S. Geological Survey as chief of various branches and programs.

Dr. Borcherdt is the author of more than 200 scientific publications. One of his more significant recent publications is a graduate-level text book that provides the mathematical theory for wave propagation in layered media with arbitrary amounts of intrinsic absorption. The theory, previously unpublished in book form, reveals physical characteristics, such as wave speed, particle motion, and energy flux for P  and S body waves, reflected and refracted waves, and Love- and Rayleigh-Type surface waves in a layered anelastic Earth not predicted by previously used elastic or one-dimensional anelastic models. The theory and numerical results provide solutions for fundamental wave-propagation problems in seismology that also are applicable to fields ranging from geotechnical engineering and exploration geophysics to solid mechanics and acoustics.

His research interests include: 1) the theory of viscoelastic wave propagation and its application to problems in seismology, engineering, acoustics, exploration, and solid mechanics, 2) earthquake response of local site conditions and their characterization for building code provisions, 3) near-source seismic radiation of strain and displacement and its implications for earthquake-fault rupture dynamics, 4) earthquake strong-motion measurement, characterization, and estimation for earthquake resistant design, 5) seismic zonation and earthquake loss estimation (HAZUS), and 6) seismic instrumentation. 



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Book:

1.        Borcherdt, R. D., 2009, Viscoelastic Waves in Layered Media, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York, 350 pp.

Patent:

2.        Borcherdt, R. D., Fletcher, J. P., Warrick, R. E., Maxwell, G. L.,  Jensen, E. G., and  VanSchaak, J. V. (1986), General Earthquake Observation System (GEOS), Patent number 4,604,699, Filed January 25, 1984, Issued August 5, 1986, U. S. Patent and Trademark Office, 24pp.

Journal and Professional Papers:

3.        Borcherdt, R. D., and Healy, J. H. (1968). A method for estimating the uncertainty in seismic velocities measured by refraction techni­ques, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 58, 1769-1790.

 

4.        Borcherdt, R. D. (1968). Spectral analysis of seismic measurements from explosions in southern Mississippi, U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 600-C, C113-C119, also in Geol. Soc. Amer. Spec. Paper 121, 486-487.

 

5.        Borcherdt, R. D. (1970). Effects of local geology on ground motion near San Francisco Bay, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 60, 29-61.   

 

6.        Borcherdt, R. D., 1971, Inhomogeneous body and surface plane waves in a generalized viscoelastic half-space, Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. of Calif., Berkeley, 308 pp. 

 

7.        Borcherdt, R. D. (1973), Energy and Plane Waves in Linear Viscoelastic Media, J. Geophys. Res., 78 (14), 2442–2453.

 

8.        Borcherdt, R. D. (1973). Rayleigh-type surface wave on a linear visco­elastic half-space, J. Acous. Soc. Am., 54, 1651-1653. http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1914463

 

9.        Borcherdt, R. D., (ed.), (1975). Studies for seismic zonation of the San Francisco Bay region, U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 941-A, 102 pp.

 

10.     Borcherdt, R. D., Joyner, W. B., Warrick, R. E., and Gibbs, J. F. (1975). Response of local geologic units to ground shaking, U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 941-A, 52-67.

 

11.     Borcherdt, R. D., Brabb, E. E., Joyner, W. B., Helley, E. J., Lajoie, K. R., Page, R. A., Wesson, R.L., and Youd, T.L. (1975). Predicted geologic effects of a postulated earthquake, U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 941-A, 88-96.

 

12.     Borcherdt, R. D., Gibbs, J. F., and Lajoie, K. R. (1975). Prediction of maximum earthquake intensity in the San Francisco Bay region, Cal­ifornia, for large earthquakes on the San Andreas and Hayward faults, U.S. Geol. Survey Misc. Field Studies Map MF-709, scale 1:125,000, 3 maps, 15 pp.

 

13.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1976). Reviewer, Geological Hazards by B .A. Bolt, W. L. Horn, G. A. MacDonald, and R. D. Scott, Am. Geophys. Un. EOS, 57, 635.

 

14.     Borcherdt, R. D., and Gibbs, J. F. (1976). Effects of local geological conditions in the San Francisco Bay region on ground motions and the intensities of the 1906 earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 66, 467-500.

 

15.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1977). Reflection and refraction of type-II S waves in elastic and anelastic media, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 67, 43-67.

 

16.     Borcherdt, R. D., Gibbs, J. F., and Fumal, T. E. (1978). Ground response in the San Francisco Bay region, U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 1100, 262-263.

 

17.     Brabb, E. E., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1979). Progress on seismic zonation in the San Francisco Bay region; Introduction and Summary, Int’l. Conf. Microzonation for Safer Construction and Research Applications 2, 1, 229-230; 1979, U.S. Geol. Survey Cir. 807, 1-2.

 

18.     Borcherdt, R. D., Gibbs, J. F., and Fumal, T. E. (1979). Progress on ground motion predictions for the San Francisco Bay region, Cali­fornia, U.S. Geol. Survey Cir. 807, 13-25.

 

19.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1982). GEOS, A versatile new system for recording seismic data, U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 1275, 210-211.

20.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1982). Reflection-refraction of general P and type-I S waves in elastic and anelastic solids, Geophys. J. Royal Astron. Soc., 70, 621-638.

 

21.     Borcherdt, R., Maley, R., and Brady, G. (1983). Data recorded on U.S. national strong-motion network near Coalinga, California, Earthquake Engin. Res. Inst. Publ., 17, 82-86.

 

22.     Borcherdt, R. D., (ed.), (1984). The Coalinga earthquake sequence com­menc­ing May 2, 1983 (preliminary report on field investigations and data collected as of May 12, 1983), 1984, Earthquake Engin. Res. Inst. Publ., 84-03, 300p. [U. S. Geol. Surv. OF Rept._83_511DV.pdf].

 

23.     Borcherdt, R. D., Cranswick, E., Maxwell, G., Mueller, C., McClearn, R., Sembera, G., and Wennerberg, L. (1984). Digital strong-motion data recorded by U.S. Geological Survey near Coalinga, California, Earthquake Engin. Res. Inst. Publ., 84-03 [U. S. Geol. Surv. OF Rept._83_511DV.pdf].

 

24.     Borcherdt, R. D., Anderson, J. G., Crouse, C. B., Donovan, N. C., McEvil­ly, T. V., and Shakal, A. F. (1984). National planning considerations for the acquisition of strong ground-motion data, Earthquake Engin. Res. Inst.  Publ. 84-08, 57 pp.

 

25.     Rogers, A. M., Borcherdt, R. D., Covington, A. M., and Perkins, D. M. (1984). A comparative ground response study near Los Angeles using recordings of Nevada Nuclear Tests and the 1971 San Fernando earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 74, 1925-1950.

 

26.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1985). Predicting earthquake ground motion -- An intro­duction in Evaluating earthquake hazards of the Los Angeles Re­gion -- An earth-science perspective, Ziony, J.I., (ed.), U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 1360, 93-99.

 

27.     Rogers, A., Tinsley, J. C., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1985). Predicting rel­a­tive shaking response, in Evaluating earthquake hazards of the Los Angeles region -- an earth-science perspective, Ziony, J.I., (ed.), U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 1360, 221-248. 

 

28.     Borcherdt, R. D., Fletcher, J. B., Jensen, E. G., Maxwell, G. L., Van ­Schaack, J. R., Warrick, R. E., Cranswick, E., Johnston, M. J. S., and McClearn, R. (1985)., A general earthquake observation system (GEOS), Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 75, 1783-1825.

 

29.     Borcherdt, R. D., and Wennerberg, L. (1985). General P, type-I S, and type-II S waves in anelastic solids, Inhomogeneous wave fields in low-loss solids, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 75, 1729-1763.

 

30.     Johnston, M. J. S., R. D. Borcherdt, and Linde, A. T. (1986). Short-Period Strain (0.1–105 s): Near-Source Strain Field for an Earthquake (M L 3.2) Near San Juan Bautista, California, J. Geophys. Res., 91 (B11), 11,497–11,502.

 

31.     Borcherdt, R. D., G. Glassmoyer, and Wennerberg, L. (1986). Influence of Welded Boundaries in Anelastic Media on Energy Flow, and Characteristics of P, S-I, and S-II Waves: Observational Evidence for Inhomogeneous Body Waves in Low-Loss Solids, J. Geophys. Res., 91(B11), 11,503–11,518.

 

32.     Johnston, M. J. S., Linde, A. T., Gladwin, M.., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1987). Fault failure for moderate earthquakes, Tectonophysics, 144, 189-206.

 

33.     Malin, P. E., Waller, J. A., Borcherdt, R. D., Cranswick, E., Jensen, E. G., and Van Schaack,, J. (1988). Vertical seismic profiling of Oroville micro earthquakes; velocity spectra and particle motion as a function of depth, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 18, 401-420.

 

34.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1988). Recording strong motion-New methods and instrumentation, U.S. J. Int'l. Council Bldg. Res. (CIB), 16, 87-92.

 

35.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1988). Volumetric strain in relation to particle displacements for body and surface waves in a general viscoelastic half-space, Geophys. J. Royal Astro. Soc., 93, 215-228. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1988.tb01997.x]

 

36.     Borcherdt, R. D., and Glassmoyer, G. (1989). An exact anelastic model for the free-surface reflection of P and S-I waves, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 79, 842-859.

 

37.     Borcherdt, R. D., Johnston, M. J. S., and Glassmoyer, G. (1989). On the use of volumetric strain meters to infer additional characteristics of short-period seismic radiation, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 79, 1006-1023.

 

38.     Filson, J. R., Borcherdt, R. D., Langer, C., and Simpson, D. (1989).  Seismology, Earthquake Spectra, 5, 1-12.

 

39.     Borcherdt, R. D., Glassmoyer, G., Andrews, M., and Cranswick, E. (1989). Effect of site conditions on ground motion and damage, in Armenia earthquake reconnaissance report, Earthquake Spectra, 5, 23-42.

 

40.     Hough, S. E., Simpson, D., Lerner-Lan, A., Friberg, P. A., Busby, R., Shengold, L., Tuttle, M., Field, E. H., Jacob, K. H., Pacheco, J., Estabrook, C., Peterson, M., Johnson, D.H., Borcherdt, R. D., and Frankel, A. (1990). Observations of weak ground motion in the epi­central area and in west Oakland following the Loma Prieta earth­quake of October 17, 1989, in Loma Prieta earthquake reconnaissance report, Earthquake Spectra, Suppl., 6, 448 pp.

 

41.     Hough, S. E., Friberg, P. A., Busby, R., Field, E. F., Jacob, K. H.,  and Borcherdt, R. D. (1989) Did mud contribute to freeway collapse?, EOS, Trans. AGU, 70, no. 47, 1497.

 

42.     Hough, S. E., Friberg, P. A., Busby, R., Field, E. F., Jacob, K. H., and Borcherdt, , R. D. (1990). Sediment induced amplification --A possible factor in the collapse of the Nimitz freeway during the October 17, 1989 Loma Prieta (CA) Earthquake, Nature, 344, 853-855.

 

43.     Borcherdt, R. D. and Donovan, N. C. (1990). Geosciences, Loma Prieta Earthquake, Earthquake Spectra, S1, 7-24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1914463 

 

44.     Borcherdt, R. D., Donovan, N. C., Celebi, M., Shakal, A., Huang, M., Reichle, M., Ventura, C., Cao, T., Bherburne, R., Savage, M., Darragh, R., Petersen, C., Boore, D. M., Joyner, W. B. and Leyendecker, E.V. (1990). Ground Motion, Loma Prieta Earthquake, Earthquake Spectra, S1, 25-80. http://dx.doi.org/10.1193/1.1585601

 

45.     Glassmoyer, G., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1990). Source parameters and effects of band-width and local geology on high-frequency ground motions observed for aftershocks of northeastern Ohio earthquake of 31 January, 1986, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 80, 889-912.

 

46.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1991). On the observation, characterization, and predictive GIS mapping of strong ground shaking for seismic zonation - A case study for San Francisco Bay region, Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Auckland, New Zealand Procs. (a keynote address), I, 1-24 and in Bull. New Zealand Nat'l. Soc. Earthquake Engineering, 24, 287-305.  

 

47.     King, S. A., Kiremidjian, A. S., Borcherdt, R. D. and Wentworth, C. M. (1993). GIS mapping of earthquake ground shaking in San Francisco, California, Structural Engineering in Natural Hazards Mitigation, 259-264.

 

48.     Borcherdt, R. D., and Glassmoyer, G. (1992). On the characteristics of local geology and their influence on ground motions generated by the Loma Prieta earthquake in the San Francisco Bay region, California, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 82, 603-641.

 

49.     Mori, J., Filson, J. Cranswick, E., Borcherdt, R., Amirbekian, R., Aharonian, V., and Hachverdian, L. (1994). Measurements of P and S wave fronts from the dense three-dimensional array at Garni, Armenia, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 84, 1089-1096.

 

50.     Borcherdt, R. D. and Glassmoyer, G. (1994). Influences of local geology on strong and weak ground motions in the San Francisco Bay region, California and their implications for site-specific code provisions, in The Loma Prieta earthquake of October 17, 1989 -- strong ground motion, R. D. Borcherdt, (ed.), U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 1551-A, A77-A108. 

 

51.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1994). The Loma Prieta earthquake of October 17, 1989 -- strong ground motion, A synopsis, in The Loma Prieta earthquake of October 17, 1989 -- strong ground motion, R.D. Borcherdt, (ed.), U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 1551-A, A1-A7.

 

52.     Borcherdt, R. D. and Glassmoyer, G. (1994). Influences of local geology on strong and weak ground motions recorded in the San Francisco Bay region and their implications for site-specific building-code provisions, in The Loma Prieta, California, Earthquake of October 17, 1989 -- Strong Ground Motion, R. D. Borcherdt, ed., U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 1551-A, A77-A108.

53.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1994). Estimates of site-dependent response spectra for design (methodology and justification), Earthquake Spectra, 10, 617-653. http://dx.doi.org/10.1193/1.1585791]

 

54.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1994). New developments in estimating site effects on ground motion -- A new integrated methodology for estimates of site-dependent response spectra, seismic coefficients for site-dependent building code provisions, and predictive GIS maps of strong ground shaking, New Developments in Earthquake Ground Motion Estimation and Implications for Engineering Design Practice ATC 35-1, Applied Technology Council, 10, 1-44.

 

55.     Mueller, R. J., Lee, M., Johnston, M. J. S, Borcherdt, R. D., Glassmoyer, G., and Silverman, S. (1995). Near-real time monitoring of seismic events and status of portable digital recorders using satellite telemetry, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 85, 640-645.

 

56.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1995). Seismology in “The Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake of January 17, 1995, Performance of Lifelines”, M. Shinozuka, (ed.), Univ. New York,  Buffalo ,National Center for Earthquake Engineering  NCEER-95-0015, 2.1-2.29.

 

57.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1995). Strong ground motion generated by the Hanshin-Awaji (Hyogo-ken Nanbu) earthquake of January 17. 1995 in “The Hyogo-ken Nanbu earthquake of January 17. 1995” J.P Moehle, (ed.), Earthquake Engineering Research Center Report UCB/EERC-95/10, University of California, Berkeley, CA, 11-44.

 

58.     Borcherdt, R. D. and Holzer, T. (1996). Seismology, geology and geotechnical issues, in "The January 17, 1995 Hyogoken-Nanbu (Kobe) Earthquake; Performance of structures, lifelines, and fire protection systems”, National Institute of Standards and Technology, NIST Spec. Pub. 901, 5-55.

 

59.     Dobry, R., Borcherdt, R. D., Crouse, C. B., Idriss, I. M. Joyner, W. B.  Martin, G. R. Power, M. S.  Rinne, E. E., and Seed R. B. (2000). New site coefficients and site classification system used in recent building seismic code provisions (1994/1997 NEHRP and 1997 UBC), Earthquake Spectra, 16, 41-68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1193/1.1586082

 

60.     Borcherdt, R. (2000). Book Review Earthquakes, Bruce A. Bolt, 4th Edition, W.H. Freeman and Co., New York, Earthquake Spectra, 16, 309-310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1193/1.1586113

 

61.     Borcherdt, R. D., Liu, H. P., Westerlund, R. E., Dietel, C., Glassmoyer, G, Gibbs, J. F., and Warrick, R. E. (2001). Integrated surface and borehole strong-motion soil response arrays in San Francisco, California, Strong Motion Instrumentation for Civil Engineering Structures, Procs. NATO Science Series E: 373, 167-178.

 

62.     Borcherdt, R. D. (2002). Empirical evidence for acceleration-dependent amplification factors, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 92, 761-782. 

 

63.     Borcherdt, R. D. (2002). Empirical evidence for site coefficients in building-code provisions, Earthquake Spectra, 18, 189-218. http://dx.doi.org/10.1193/1.1486243]

 

64.     Borcherdt, R. D. Hamburger, R .O. and Kircher, C.A. (2003). Seismic Design Provisions and Guidelines in the United States; A Prologue, Earthquake and Engineering Seismology Int’l. Handbook, Jennings, P, Kanamori, H., and Lee, W.H.K. eds., Academic Press, 1127-1128.

 

65.     Holzer, T. L., Borcherdt, R. D., Comartin, C. D., Hanson, R. D., Scawthorn, C. R., Tierney, K., and Youd, T. L. (2003). A plan to coordinate NEHRP post-earthquake investigations, U. S. Geol. Survey Circ. 1242, 27 pp.

 

66.     Borcherdt, R. D. (2003). Erratum: "Empirical evidence for site coefficients in building code provisions" [Earthquake Spectra 18, 189–217 (2002)], Earthquake Spectra, 19, 453-454. http://dx.doi.org/10.1193/1.1578083

 

67.     Langbein, J., Borcherdt, R., Dreger, D., Fletcher, J., Hardebeck, J., Hellweg, M., Ji, C., Johnston, M.,  Murray, J., Nadeau, R., Rymer, M., and Treiman, J. (2004). Preliminary Report on the 28 September 2004, M 6.0 Parkfield, California Earthquake, Seismol. Res. Letters, 76, 10-26.

 

68.     Shakal, A., Huang, M.,  Graizer, V., Borcherdt, R., Haddadi, H., Lin, K., Stephens, C., and Roffers P. (2005). Preliminary Analysis of Strong-Motion Recordings from the 28 September 2004 Parkfield, California Earthquake, Seismol. Res. Letters, 76, 27-39.

 

69.     Borcherdt, R. D. (2005). Book Review-The Race to Seismic Safety-Protecting California’s Transportation System, Penzien, Joseph, 2003, Report to Director, California Department of Transportation, Sacramento, California, December, Earthquake Spectra, 21, 613.

 

70.     Borcherdt, R. D. (2005). Integrated surface and borehole strong-motion arrays in San Francisco, California -- Empirical measurements of low-strain site coefficients at site class E and D soil sites, Directions in Strong Motion Instrumentation, NATO Science Series IV, eds. P. Gulken and J. Anderson, Springer,  58, 139-156. DOI: 10.1007/1-4020-3812-7_9

 

71.     Borcherdt, R. D. (2005). Erratum Empirical Evidence for Acceleration-Dependent Amplification Factors Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am, 95, 373-374.

 

72.     Johnston, M. J. S., R. D. Borcherdt, A. T. Linde, and Gladwin, M. T. (2006). Continuous borehole strain and pore pressure in the near-field of the September 28, 2004, MW 6.0 Parkfield, California, earthquake, Implications for nucleation, fault response, earthquake prediction and tremor. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 96, S56 - S72.

 

73.     Borcherdt, R. D., M. J. S. Johnston, G. Glassmoyer, and Dietel, C. (2006). Recordings of the Parkfield 2004 Earthquake on the GEOS Strong-Motion Array; Implications for earthquake precursors, fault rupture, co-seismic and post-event strain changes, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 96, S73 - S89.

 

74.     Borcherdt, R. D. (2013) Implications of next generation attenuation ground-motion prediction equations for site coefficients used in earthquake resistant design, Jour. Earthquake Engng. and Structural. Dynamics, wileyonlinelibrary.com, DOI: 10.1002/eqe.2400.

 

 

Archived Symposium and Conference Proceedings:

75.     McCulloch, D. S., Bonilla, M. G., Borgman, G. N., Vardy, P., Wilhelm, R .O., Wallace, R. E., Mader, G. C., Johnson, A. M., Borcherdt, R. D., Atkinson, and Sterling K., Jr. (1969). San Francisco peninsula trip for planners and public officials, field trip 5, Assoc. Eng. Geol. Nat'l Meeting, E1-E10.

 

76.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1973) A preliminary strategy for seismic zonation of the San Francisco Bay region based on relative ground motion predictions, Fifth Joint U.S.-Japan Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects, Tokyo, Japan.

 

77.     Borcherdt R. D. (1974). Prediction of maximum earthquake intensities for the San Francisco Bay region, Sixth Joint U.S./Japan Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects,  Washington, D.C., U.S. Natl. Bur. Stand. Spec. Publ. 444, III, 84-94.

 

78.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1975). Studies for seismic zonation of the San Fran­cisco Bay region -- A brief summary, U.S. Nat’l. Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Proc., Ann Arbor, Mich., 123-127.

 

79.     Borcherdt, R. D., 1976, Wave propagation in soils, Sixth World Conf. Earth­quake Eng., Proc. 6, 599-604.

 

80.     Borcherdt, R. D. and Matthiesen, R. B. (1980). U.S. strong-motion pro­grams, Seventh World Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Proc. 7, 2, 9-16.

 

81.     Rogers, A. M., Covington, P. A., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1980).  A compari­son of ground response in the Los Angeles region from nuclear ex­plosions and the 1971 San Fernando earthquake, Seventh World Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Proc. 7, 2, 625-632.

 

82.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1981). Comments on array design and aftershock recordings derived from Imperial Valley earthquake of October 15, 1979, State of the Art in Earthquake Engineering, 1981, Kelaynak, Ankara, Turkey, 25.

 

83.     Rojahn, C. and Borcherdt, R. D. (1982). On the status of in-situ strong ground-motion and structural-response investigations, Int’l. Earthquake Microzonation Conf. Proc., 3, I, 329-363. (also in National Bureau of Standards, Special Publication, 617-654, 1983).

 

84.     Algermissen, S. T., Askew, B. L., Borcherdt, R. D., Campbell, R. H., Clarke Jr., S. H., Evernden, J. F.,  Fumal, T. E., Gibbs, J. F., Greene, H. G., Hanks, T. C., Harp, E. L., Hartzell, S. H., Hopper, M. G., Johnson, C. E., Joyner, W. B., Keefer, D. K., Kockleman, W. J., McCulloch, D. S., Perkins, D. M., Rogers, A. M., Spudich, P. A., Thenhaus, P. C., Tinsley, J. C., Wilson, R. C., Yerkes, R. F., Youd, T. L.,  and  Ziony,  J. I. (1982). Seismic zonation of the Los Angeles region, A progress report, Int'l. Earthquake Microzonation Conf. 3, Proc., I, 157-172.

 

85.     Borcherdt, R. D., Jensen, E. G., Maxwell, G. L., Fletcher, J. P., Mc­Clearn, R., Van Schaack, J. R., and Warrick, R. E. (1983). A general earthquake observation system (GEOS), Int’l. Assoc. Seismol. and Phys. Earth's Interior, Comm. Controlled Source Seismol., Publ,  49-53.

 

86.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1983). Strong-motion networks in the United States; a review, Proc., Golden Anniversary Workshop on Strong Motion Seismometry, Univ. Southern California, Los Angeles, 148 pp.

 

87.     Fletcher, J. B., Borcherdt, R. D., Mueller, C., and Cranswick, E. (1984). Data from the GEOS digital recorder, Int. Assoc. Seismol. and Phys. Earth's Int. Comm. Controlled Source Seismology, Publ., 155-157.

 

88.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1984). On recent advances in strong-motion data acquisition capabilities, Eighth World Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Proc., San Francisco, California, 2, 63-70.

 

89.     Borcherdt, R. D., Anderson, J. G., Crouse, C. B., Donovan, N. C., Iwan, W., McEvilly, T. V., and Shakal, A. (1984). Free-field instrumenta­tion recommendations, Appendix B in Third Report of the Strong Motion Instrumentation Program, California Division of Mines and Geology Spec. Publ., 43 pp.

 

90.     Rogers, A. M., Tinsley, J. C., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1984). Geographic variation in ground shaking as a function of changes in near-sur­face properties and geologic structure near Los Angeles, Califor­nia, Eighth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Proc.,  San Francisco, California, 2, 737-744.

 

91.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1985). Implications of recent advances in instrumen­ta­tion for strong motion studies, Seventeenth Joint U.S.-Japan Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects,  Procs., Tsukuba, Japan.

 

92.     Shakal, A. F. and Borcherdt, R. D. (1985). Review of recent strong motion data, Proc., Workshop on Strong Ground Motion Simulation and Earthquake Engineering Applications, Los Altos, California, Earthquake Engin. Res. Inst. Publ., 85-02, 9.1- 9.12.

 

93.     Borcherdt, R .D. (1985). On anelastic-earth structure and seismic waves,  Proc., Workshop on Strong Ground Motion Simulation and Earthquake Engineering Applications, Los Altos, California, Earthquake Engin. Res. Inst. Publ., 85-02, 1-18.

 

94.     Borcherdt, R. D. and Bolt, B. A. (1985). Planning considerations for recording the next major earthquake in California, Proc. Workshop on Strong Ground Motion Simulation and Earthquake Engineering Applications, Los Altos, California, Earthquake Engin. Res. Inst. Publ. 85-02, 10-1, 10-20.

 

95.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1986). Characteristics of anelastic reflection-refraction coefficients with implications for calculation of syn­thetic seismograms, Indo-U.S. workshop on earthquake dis­aster mitigation research, Proc., Jan 19-23, 1987, New Delhi, India, I, IV-65-75.

 

96.     Borcherdt, R. D. and Glassmoyer, G. (1987)., On the aftershock sequence of the earthquake of January 31, 1986 in northeastern Ohio; ef­fects of bandwidth and local geology on observed high-frequency ground motion, Earthquake Ground Motion Esti­mation in East­ern North America Procs., Nuc. Reg. Commission, 8-42.

 

97.     Borcherdt, R. D. (1987). Application of LSI Technology to field digi­tal data acquisition systems for wind and earthquake engineer­ing, Field Data Acquisition Systems Procs., April 13-14, 1987, Raleigh, NC.

 

98.     Borcherdt, R. D., Johnston, M.J.S., Noce, T. C., Glassmoyer, G. M., and Myren, D. M. (1988). A broadband, wide dynamic range, strong-motion network near Parkfield, California USA for measurement of acceleration and volumetric strain, Ninth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Procs., Tokyo, Japan, VIII, 125-130.

 

99.     Borcherdt, R. D., Langer, C., Filson, J. R., Simpson, D. W., Glassmoyer, G., Andrews, M., and Cranswick, E. (1990). On the rupture zone and effects of local geologic conditions on damages and ground motions for the Armenian earthquakes of December 7, 1988, US Nat’l. Con­f. on Earthquake Engineering, 4th, Palm Springs, CA Procs., 1, 131-140.

 

100.  Borcherdt, R. D. and Glassmoyer, G. (1990). Local geology and its influence on strong motion, Oakland, Calif., U.S. Nat'l. Con­ference, Loma Prieta Earthquake -- One Year Later, Proc., 20 pp.

 

101.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1990). Influence of local geology in the San Fran­cisco Bay region, California on ground motions generated by the Loma Prieta earthquake of October 17, 1989, Tokyo, Japan, Invited, Int'l. Symposium on Safety of Urban Life and Facilities, Proc., 1, 1.1-1.35.

 

102.  Kameda, H., Çelebi, M., Borcherdt, R. D., Akamatsu, J., and Fujita, M. (1991). Comparative observation of soil amplification from long-period micro tremor and earthquake recordings for seismic microzonation, Fourth Int’l. Conf. on Seismic Zonation, Stanford, CA Procs., Earth. Eng. Res. Inst., III, 375-382.

 

103.  Borcherdt, R. D. and Shah, H.C. eds. (1991). Preface, Proceedings Fourth International Conference on Seismic Zonation, Stanford, California, Earth. Eng. Res. Inst. Report No. SZP-4, I, II, III, 760 pp.

 

104.  Wentworth, C. M., Borcherdt, R. D., Fitzgibbon, T. T., and Showalter, P. K. (1991). Application of GIS technology to seismic zonation of the San Francisco Bay region, California, Fourth Int’l. Conf. on Seismic Zonation, Stanford, CA Procs., Earth. Eng. Res. Inst., III, 537-544.

 

105.  Borcherdt, R. D., Wentworth, C. M., Janssen, A., Fumal, T., and Gibbs, J. (1991). Methodology for  predictive GIS mapping of special study zones for strong ground shaking in the San Francisco Bay region, California, Fourth International Conference on Seismic Zonation, Stanford, California Procs., Earth. Eng. Res. Inst. Report No. SZP-4, III, 545-552.

106.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1992). Characterization of potential geographic variations in strong ground motion for purposes of mapping ground failure potential, Assoc. of Engineering Geology Procs., 15.

 

107.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1992). Instrumentation for soft soil sites, U.S.-Chile Workshop on Geotechnical Instrumentation for Great Earthquakes Procs., NSF, 1-12.

 

108.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1992). General Earthquake Observation Systems, Emphasis on design concepts pertinent in Chili, U.S.-Chile Workshop on Geotechnical Instrumentation for Great Earthquakes Procs., NSF, 13-21.

 

109.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1992). Simplified site classes and empirical amplification factors for site-dependent code provisions, NCEER, SEAOC, BSSC workshop on site response during earthquakes and seismic code provisions Procs., Univ. Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, Nov. 18 - 20, 1992.

 

110.  Kunagai, Y. and Borcherdt, R. D. (1993). Research needs for application of seismic zonation to earthquake recovery and reconstruction, Third U.S.-Japan Workshop on Urban Earthquake Hazards Reduction Procs., Earth. Eng. Res. Inst., 266 pp.

 

111.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1993). General methodology for estimating free-field, site-specific response spectra, Building Seismic Safety Council, Minutes, April 4, 5, and 28, 1993.

 

112.  Borcherdt, R., Langer, C., Filson, J., Simpson, D., Glassmoyer., Cranswick, E., Dietel, C., Sembera, E., Andrews, M.,  Amirbekian, R., Aharonian, V., Safarian, K., Galagian, H., Aapoian, G., Kirakossian, K., Tovmasian, A., and Khachatrian, G. (1993). Effects of Rupture Characteristics and Local Geology on Damage from the earthquake of December 7, 1988 near Spitak, Armenia, Int’l. Conf. on Continental Collision Zone Earthquakes and Earthquake Hazard Reduction, Proc., Oct. 1993, Yerevan, Armenia.

 

113.  Kiremidjian, A. and Borcherdt, R. (1993). Amplification of earthquake ground motion in Armenia from aftershock records, Int’l. Conference on Continental Collision Zone Earthquakes and Earthquake Hazard Reduction, Proc., Oct. 1993, Yerevan, Armenia.

 

114.  Margheriti, L., Borcherdt, R. D., Glassmoyer, G., and Hellwig, M. A. (1993). Preliminary assessment of seismicity near Yerevan, Armenia using the dense three-dimensional array at Garni, Int’l. Conference on Continental Collision Zone Earthquakes and Earthquake Hazard Reduction, Proc., Oct. 1993, Yerevan, Armenia.

 

115.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1993). On the estimation of site-dependent response spectra, Int’l. Workshop on Strong-Motion Data Procs., Menlo Park, CA, Port and Harbor Research Institute, Japan, Publ.,  2, 399- 427.

 

116.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1994). Strong ground motions generated by the Northridge, California earthquake of January 17, 1994, Preliminary implications for site-dependent, earthquake-resistant, design spectra, Joint Japan / United States Seminar on the Northridge, California Earthquake of Jan. 17,1994 Procs., Architectural Institute of Japan, Tokyo, Japan, 83-114.

 

117.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1994). Site factors, a possible new approach for code provisions -- preliminary implications from Northridge earthquake, Annual Meeting Structural Engineering Association of California Procs., Lake Tahoe, CA, September 29 - October 2, 1994.

 

118.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1994). On New Developments in Estimating Site-Dependent, Earthquake-Resistant Design Spectra --- Implications for Improvements in Building Code Provisions and Seismic Zonation, (keynote lecture), Second Int’l. Conf. on Earthquake Resistant Construction and Design, Berlin, Germany Procs. June 15 - 18.

 

119.  Borcherdt, R. D. and Wentworth, C. W. (1995). Strong-ground motion generated by the Northridge earthquake of January 17, 1994, Implications for seismic design coefficients and seismic zonation, Fifth Int’l. Conf. on Seismic Zonation Procs.,  Nice, France, II, 964 - 971.

 

120.  Borcherdt, R. D., Lawson, S., Pessina, V., Bouabid, J., and Shah, H. C. (1995). Applications of geographic information system technology (GIS) to seismic zonation and earthquake loss estimation, (Invited state-of-the-art lecture), Fifth Int’l. Conf. on Seismic Zonation, Nice, France, III, 1933-1973.

 

121.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1996). Preliminary amplification estimates inferred from strong ground-motion recordings of the Northridge earthquake of January 17, 1994, International Workshop on Site Response Subjected to Strong Earthquake Motions Procs., Port and Harbour Research Institute, January 16 - 17, 1996, Yokosuka, Japan, I, 24-33 and II, 21-46.

 

122.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1996). Preliminary site amplification factors inferred from strong-motion recordings of the Northridge and Kobe earthquakes; Implications for site-specific design factors, Seventh U.S.-Japan workshop on improvement of structural design and construction practice,  Procs., January 18-20, Osaka, Japan, Applied Technology Council, 11 pp.

 

123.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1996). Preliminary estimates of site amplification from the Kobe and Northridge earthquakes for site-specific design provisions, 28th Joint Meeting UJNR Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects Procs., National Institute of Standards and Technology, 10 pp.

 

124.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1996). Strong ground motions generated by the Northridge and Hanshin-Awaji earthquakes of January 17, 1994 and 1995; Implications for site-specific design factors, Eleventh World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Procs., Paper No. 1246, ISBN: 0 08 042822 3.

 

125.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1996). Effects of Site Conditions on Strong Ground Shaking in The San Francisco Bay Region During the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake, (Invited), Eleventh World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Procs., Paper No. 2028, ISBN: 0 08 042822 3.

 

126.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1997). Spatial ground-motion amplification analyses, (Invited), Geo-Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers Procs. 56-69.

 

127.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1997). Earthquake ground-motion measurement for public safety, 29th Joint Meeting UJNR Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects Proc. Tsukuba, Japan, May, 1997.

 

128.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1997). Site Dependent Response Spectra for New and Existing Highway Facilities, Workshop, NCEER Federal Highway Research Project, Procs., San Francisco, CA, May 1997.

 

129.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1997). U.S. National Strong Motion Program, Workshop, Vision 2005, An Action Plan for Strong Motion Programs to Mitigate Earthquake Losses in Urbanized Areas Procs., C. Stepp, (ed.), Committee for the Advancement of Strong Motion Programs, Monterey, CA, 81-85.

 

130.  Borcherdt, R. D., Frankel, A., Joyner, W. B, and Bouabid, J. (1997). Vision 2005 for earthquake strong ground-motion measurement in the United States, Workshop, Vision 2005, An Action Plan for Strong Motion Programs to Mitigate Earthquake Losses in Urbanized Areas Procs., C. Stepp, (ed.), Committee for the Advancement of Strong Motion Programs, Monterey, CA,  112-130.

 

131.  Borcherdt, R. D., Liu, H. P., Warrick, R. E., and Westerlund, R. E. (1998). Integrated Strong-Motion soil-response arrays in San Francisco, California, Second Int’l. Symposium On Effects of Surface Geology on Seismic Motion Procs., Yokohama, Japan.

 

132.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1998). Earthquake ground-motion measurement for public safety, Int’l. Conf. on Modern Preparation and Response Systems for Earthquake, Tsunami, and Volcanic Hazards, Proc., IASPEI/IAVCEI, Santiago, Chile.

 

133.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1998). A vision for the future of strong-motion recording, 30th Joint Meeting U.S.-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects Procs., Gaithersburg, Maryland, N. J. Raufaste, Jr., (ed.), National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Spec. Publ. 931, ISCCS TR18, 5-60.

 

134.  Zuo, H., Xie, L., Dong., W., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1998). Study on Compilation of Seismic Zoning Map using Geographic Information System (GIS), Inst. Eng. Mechanics Rept., China, 10 pp.

 

135.  Zuo, H., Xie, L., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1998). Simulation of Ground-Motion Response -- An example for the San Francisco Bay Region (Geographic Information System Approach), Inst. Eng. Mechanics Rept., Harbin, China, 12 pp.

 

136.  Borcherdt, R. D. and Fumal, T.E. (1999). Empirical Evidence from the Northridge Earthquake for Site-Specific Amplification Factors Used in U.S. building Codes, Proc., 12 World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Procs., Auckland New Zealand, 2, paper no. 1577.

 

137.  Borcherdt, R. D., Liu, H. P., Westerlund, R. E., Dietel, and Warrick, R. E. (1999). Integrated Surface and Borehole Strong-motion soil response arrays in San Francisco, California, 31st Joint UJNR Meeting on Wind and Seismic Effects Procs., Tsukuba, Japan.

 

138.  Borcherdt, R. D., Zuo, H., and Wen, R. (1999). Applications of Geographic Information System Technology (GIS) to Ground-Motion Simulation in the San Francisco Bay Region, CA, Disaster Prevention/Management and Green Technology Workshop Procs., San Francisco, CA.

 

139.  Archuleta, R. Tumarkin, A., Lindley, G. Shakal, A., and Borcherdt, R. (1999). A virtual strong-motion data center for data dissemination through the Internet Calif. Strong-Motion Instrumentation Data Utilization Workshop Procs., San Francisco, CA.

 

140.  Borcherdt, R. and Shakal, A. (1999). On the Development of “User-Friendly” Interfaces for the use of strong-motion data on the Internet, Calif. Strong-Motion Instrumentation Data Utilization Workshop Procs., San Francisco, CA.

 

141.  Shakal, A. and Borcherdt, R. (1999). Toward a common format for strong-motion data products, Calif. Strong-Motion Instrumentation Data Utilization Workshop Procs., San Francisco, CA.

 

142.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1999). SAFER Megacities (Strong-motion accelerographs for earthquake-loss reduction in Megacities), 2nd International Earthquakes and Megacities Workshop Procs., Dec. 1-3, 1999, Manila, Philippines.

 

143.  Borcherdt, R. D., Liu, H. P., Westerlund, R. E., Dietel, C., Gibbs, J. F., and Warrick, R. E. (1999). Integrated surface and borehole strong-motion soil response arrays in San Francisco, California, NATO Advanced Res. Workshop, Procs., Strong-motion Inst. for Civil Eng. structures, June 2 -5, Istanbul, Turkey.

 

144.  Borcherdt, R. D., Zuo, H., and Wen, R. (2000). A methodology for predictive GIS mapping of ground shaking with directivity, Sixth Int’l. Conf. on Seismic Zonation Procs., Palm Springs, CA,  , EERI Rept. No. SZP-6.

 

145.  Borcherdt, R. D., Bolt, B. A., Shah, H. C., Shakal, A. F., Stepp, J. C., Iwan, W. D., Ballard R. F., Jr. , and Porcella, R. L. (2002). SAFER Cities (Strong-motion Accelerographs For Earthquake Loss Reduction in Cities; A COSMOS - WSSI Initiative for Seismic Safety), Seventh National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Procs., Boston, MA, EERI Report No. NCP-7.

 

146.  Borcherdt, R. D. (2002). Viscoelastic Wave Propagation in Layered Soil Deposits, A Tale of Theory from EERC to the IBC, Invited Clough-Penzien Symposium Procs., Univ., CA, Berkeley.

 

147.  Borcherdt, R. D. (2002). Implications of theoretical, anelastic, seismic wave-field models for site-response estimates used in building code-provisions and in the design of critical facilities. Seismic Hazard Evaluation and Risk Management for the Critical Facilities in Caucasus Procs., Civilian Research Development Foundation, Yerevan, Armenia, October 7-8, 2002, 12 pp.

 

148.  Borcherdt, R. D. (2002). Theoretical and empirical evidence for site coefficients in building-code provisions, Int’l. Conf., Earthquake Loss Estimation and Risk Reduction Procs., German Science Foundation, Bucharest, Romania, October, 23-26, 15 pp. 

 

149.  Borcherdt, R. D. (2004). Considerations of site response in U. S. building code provisions, (invited) First Int’l. Conf. on Urban Earthquake Engineering, Proc., Center for Urban Earthquake Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, March 8-9, 2004, 37-48.

 

150.  Borcherdt, R. D. (2004). A theoretical model for site coefficients in building code provisions, 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Procs., Vancouver, B.C., Canada, August 1-6.

 

151.  Borcherdt, R. D., Bolt, B. A., Davis, J., Iwan, W. D., Katayama, T., Porcella, R., Shah, H. C., Shakal, A. F., and Stepp, J. C. (2004). SAFER Cities  (Strong-motion Accelerographs For Earthquake Loss Reduction in Cities; A COSMOS-WSSI Initiative for Seismic Safety), 5th General Assembly of the Asian Seismological Commission Procs., Yerevan, Armenia.

 

152.  Borcherdt, R. D. (2004). Characterization of site response for purposes of earthquake resistant design in U.S. Building Code Provisions, 5th General Assembly of the Asian Seismological Commission Procs., October 18-21, 2004, Yerevan, Armenia.

 

153.  Borcherdt, R. D., Westerlund, R. E., Dietel, C., and Glassmoyer, G. (2004). The integrated surface and borehole, geotechnical strong-motion, soil response arrays in San Francisco, California, International Workshop for Site Selection, Installation and Operation of Geotechnical Strong-Motion Arrays: Workshop 1, Inventory of Current and Planned Arrays, Proc., P. de Alba and others, eds., October 14-15, 2004, COSMOS, 12 pp.

 

154.  Borcherdt, R. D. (2008). Viscoelastic Love-type surface waves, 14th World Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Proc., October 12-17, 2008, Beijing, China, Paper ID: 03-02-0006.

 

155.  Borcherdt, R. D. (2012). VS30 – a Site-Characterization Parameter for Use in Building Codes, Simplified Earthquake Resistant Design, GMPEs, and ShakeMaps, 15th World Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Proc., October 12-17, 2008, Beijing, China, Paper ID: 03-02-0006.

Technical Reports:

156.  Borcherdt R. D., and Roller, J. C. (1966). A preliminary summary of a seismic-refraction survey in the vicinity of the Cumberland Plateau Observatory, Tennessee, U.S. Geological Survey, CS-TL 43, 30 pp.

 

157.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1967). Fast Fourier analysis of real data, using SHARE program 3425, U.S. Geological Survey Technical Letter, NCER-5, 18 pp.

 

158.  Borcherdt, R. D., Healy, J. H., Jackson, W. H., and Warren, D. H. (1967). Seismic measurements of explosions in Tatum Salt Dome, Missis­sippi, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept.,67-24,  64 pp.

 

159.  Lee, W. H. K., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1968). Pn spectral variations of the Gasbuggy explosion at intermediate distance range, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept., 18 pp.

 

160.  Borcherdt R. D., and Borgman L. E. (1970). Empirical probability dis­tributions for astronomical water height, Univ. of Calif., Berkeley, Hyd., Eng. Lab. Rept., 34 pp.

 

161.  Borcherdt, R. D., and Rodgers, P. W. (1971). Preliminary in-situ measurements of anelastic absorption in soils using a prototype earthquake stimulator, Univ. of Calif., Berkeley Earthquake Eng. Res. Cent. Rept. 71-2, 14 pp.

 

162.  Gibbs, J. F., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1974). Effects of local geology on ground motion near San Francisco Bay -- A continued study, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 74-222, 146 pp.

 

163.  Gibbs, J. F., Fumal, T. E., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1975). In-situ measure­ments of seismic velocities at twelve locations in the San Fran­cisco Bay region, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 75-564, 87 pp.

 

164.  Gibbs, J.F., Fumal, T.E., and Borcherdt, R.D. (1976). In-situ measure­ments of seismic velocities in the San Francisco Bay region, Part II, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 76-731, 145 pp.

 

165.  Borcherdt, R. D., and Gibbs, J. F. (1975). Prediction of maximum earth­quake intensities for the San Francisco Bay region, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 75-180, 41 pp.

 

166.  Gibbs, J. F., Fumal, T. E., Borcherdt, R. D., and Roth, E. F. (1977). In-situ measurements of seismic velocities in the San Francisco Bay region - Part III, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 77-850, 143 pp.

 

167.  Rogers, A. M., Covington, P. A., Park, R. B., Borcherdt, R. D., and Perkins, D. M. (1980). Nuclear event time histories and computed site transfer functions for locations in the Los Angeles region, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 80-1173, 210 pp.

 

168.  Rogers, A. M., Covington, P. A., Borcherdt, R. D., and Tinsley, J. C. (1981). Comparative ground response studies in Los Angeles using NTS nuclear explosions and San Fernando earthquake data, Conf. Evaluation of Regional Seismic Hazards and Risk, Santa Fe, N.M., U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 81-437, 143-161.

 

169.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1981). Reflection and refraction of P and type-I S waves at plane interfaces in elastic and anelastic media, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 81-392, 42 pp.

 

170.  Borcherdt R. D., (ed.), (1983). The Coalinga, California earthquake sequence commencing May 2, 1983    (preliminary report on field investigations and data collected as of May 12, 1983) U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Report 83-511, 81 pp.

 

171.  Borcherdt R. D., Cranswick, E., Maxwell, G., Mueller, C. S., McClearn, R., Sembera, E. and Wennerberg, L. G. (1983). Digital strong-motion data recorded by U.S. Geological Survey near Coalinga, California, in The Coalinga, California earthquake sequence commencing May 2, 1983, U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Report 83-511, 61-76.

 

172.  Borcherdt, R. D., Mueller, C. S., and Wennerberg, L. G. (1983). Effects of local geological conditions on strong ground motions in the vicinity of Coalinga, California, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 83-845, 119-143.

 

173.  Çelebi, M., Arnold, C., Bertero, V., Borcherdt, R., Brady, G., Fedock, J., Gates, J., Maley, R., Mortgat, C., Rojahn, C., Safak, E., Shah, H., and Zacker, E. (1984). Report on recommended list of structures for seismic instrumentation in the San Francisco Bay region, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 84-488, 36 pp.  

 

174.  Sena, J., Dietel, C., Sembera, E., Maxwell, G., Jensen, G., Gibbs, J., Borcherdt, R., and VanSchaack, J. (1985). The recording system, in Preliminary report of investigations of the central Chile earthquake of March 3, 1985, Algermissen, S. T. (ed.), U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 85-542, 29-32.

 

175.  Askew, B., Mueller, C., Converse, A., Watson, J. Algermissen, S. T., Borcherdt, R., and Tarr, A. (1985). Site spectra and spectral ra­tios in Algermissen, S.T.,(ed.), Preliminary Report of Investi­ga­tions of the Central Chile Earthquake of March 3, 1985, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 85-542, 74-116

 

176.  Algermissen, S. T., Kausel, E., Mueller, C., Borcherdt, R. D., and Then­haus, P. C. (1985). Preliminary analysis of ground response and ob­served intensity in Algermissen, S.T., (ed.), Preliminary Report of Investigations of the Central Chile Earthquake of March 3, 1985, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 85-542, 117-124.

 

177.  Spudich, P., Boore, D. M., Borcherdt, R. D., Brady, A. G., Celebi, M., Fletcher, J. B., Holzer, T., Joyner, W. B., Safak, E., and Youd, T. L. (1985). National plan to record earthquake motions on the ground and in man-made structures, U.S. Geological Survey Report, August 1985.

 

178.  Borcherdt, R. D., (ed.), (1986). Preliminary report on aftershock sequence for earthquake of January 31, 1986 near Painesville, Ohio, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 86-181, 108 pp.

 

179.  Maxwell, G., Sena, J., VanSchaack, J., Warrick, R., Borcherdt, R., Dietel, C., Fletcher, J., Gibbs, J., and Jensen, G. (1986). Instrumentation: Data playback system, in Preliminary report on aftershock sequence for earthquake of January 31, 1986, near Painesville, Ohio (time period: 2/1/86-2/10/86), R. D. Borcherdt (ed.), U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Report 86-181,4.

 

180.  Borcherdt, R. D., Dietel, C., Sembera, E., Gibbs, J., and Nicholson, C. (1986). Site selection and instrumentation configurations, in Preliminary report on aftershock sequence for earthquake of January 31, 1986, near Painesville, Ohio (time period: 2/1/86-2/10/86), R. D. Borcherdt (ed.), U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Report 86-181, 4-6.

 

181.  Borcherdt, R. D., Valdes, C., and Glassmoyer, G. (1986). High frequency ground motion (Preliminary analysis of aftershock sequence recorded digitally near Painesville, Ohio, Administrative Report to Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 4-25-86), in Studies of the January 31, 1986 Northeastern Ohio Earthquake, R. Wesson and C. Nicholson, eds., U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 86-331, 24-34.

 

182.  Borcherdt, R. D. and Glassmoyer, G. (1986). Preliminary analysis of aftershock sequence recorded digitally near Painesville, Ohio, Administrative Report to Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 4-25-86; U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 86-331, Wesson, R. and Nicholson, C., (eds.), 15 pp.

 

183.  Borcherdt, R. D., Fuis, G., Mooney, W. Sena, J., Warrick, R., Dietel, C., Gibbs, J., Maxwell, G., Wennerberg, L., Sembera, E., Watson, J., and Cranswick, E. (1986). Three component digital velocity and acceleration recordings made in conjunction with the PACE refraction experiment, L. Wennerberg (ed.), U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 86-387, 250 pp. 

 

184.  Dietel, C. and Borcherdt, R. D. (1987). GEOS data summary for active and passive seismic experiments conducted in support of northern Nevada lithosphere experiments-PASSCAL, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 87-326, 320 pp.

185.  Borcherdt, R. Catchings, R., Mooney, W., Priestly, R., Smith, R., and Thompson, G. (1987). Introduction--objectives for northern Nevada Lithospheric Experiments (NNLE), in GEOS data summary for active and passive seismic experiments conducted in support of northern Nevada Lithospheric Experiments--PASSCAL, Dietel, C. and Borcherdt R. (eds.), U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Report 87-326, 2-3. 

 

186.  Borcherdt, R. and C. Dietel, C., (1987). Observed and estimated travel-times for the profile extending from the epicentral region near Chalfant, CA to region near Fallon, NV, in GEOS data summary for active and passive seismic experiments conducted in support of northern Nevada Lithospheric Experiments--PASSCAL, Dietel C. and Borcherdt R. D. (compiled and edited by), U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Report 87-326, 12-13.

 

187.  Catchings, R., Park, M.,  Jarchow, C., Holbrook, S., Benz, H., Hawman, R., Thompson, G., Mooney, W., Smith, R., Priestley, K., Cipar, J., Borcherdt, R., Whitman, D., Smithson, S., Walker, D., Johnson, R., Karl, J., Jefferson, T., Clement, B., Dietel, C., Wu, F., and S. Harder, S. (1988)., The 1986 PASSCAL basin and range lithospheric seismic experiment, Eos, Trans. AGU,  69, no. 20, 593.

 

188.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1988). Recording strong-motion studies; Advances in instrumentation, Building Research & Information, 16, 87-92. DOI: 10.1080/01823328808726872

 

189.  Borcherdt, R. D., (ed.), (1989). Results and data from seismological and geo­logic studies of the earthquakes of December 7, 1988 near Spitak, Armenia, U.S.S.R., U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 89-163,  I, II, III, IV, V, 958 pp.

 

190.  Borcherdt, R. D., Glassmoyer, G., Der Kiureghian, A., and Cranswick, E. (1989). Effect of site conditions on ground motions in Lenin­akan, Armenia, U.S.S.R, in Borcherdt, R.D., Results and data from seismological and geologic studies of the earthquakes of December 7, 1988 near Spitak, Armenia, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 89-163A, 188  pp.

 

191.  Borcherdt, R. D., Çelebi, M., Filson, J., Iyer, H. M., Johnston, M., Mooney, W., Rogers, A., Van Schaack, J., and Benz, H. (1989). A program for large array seismic observation (LASO), U.S. Geo­logical Survey Administrative Report, 116 pp. and appendices.

 

192.  Akamatsu, J., Fujita, M., Kameda, H., Çelebi, M., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1992). Assessment of the effects of local geology using long-period microtremors and the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake motions, U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Report 92-214, 108 pp. also available as Urban Earthquake Hazard Research Center, UEHR Report No. E6, 111- 103.

 

193.  Glassmoyer, G. and Borcherdt, R. D., eds. (1993).  Dense three-dimensional array near Garni, Armenia as part of the Eurasian Seismic Studies Program (objectives, array design, archived data, and preliminary wave-slowness analysis), U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 93-216, 450 pp.

 

194.  Borcherdt, R. D. and T. L. Holzer, (1996). Seismology, geology and geotechnical issues, in The January 17, 1995 Hyogoken-Nanbu (Kobe) earthquake; Performance of structures, lifelines, and fire protection systems, Riley M. Chung (ed.), 573 pp., National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Spec. Publ. 901, ISCCS TR18, 5-60.

 

195.  Wentworth, C. M., Borcherdt, R. D., Mark, R. K., and Boore, D. M. (1994).  Maps of peak horizontal and vertical accelerations recorded for the Northridge, California earthquake of January 17, 1994, and general geology of the epicentral region, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 94-197, 3 pp. and 2 map sheets at 1,250,000.

 

196.  Gibbs, J. F., Fumal, T. E., Borcherdt, R. D., Warrick, R. E., Liu, H. P., and Westerlund, R. E. (1994). Seismic velocities and geologic logs from boreholes at three downhole arrays in San Francisco, California, U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Report 94-706, 40 pp.

 

197.  Wentworth, C. W., Borcherdt, R. D., and Mark, R. (1995). Preliminary summary of peak horizontal ground motion generated by the Hanshin-Awaji earthquake of January 17, 1995; Part I of II- Map showing peak horizontal ground acceleration and seismicity superimposed on geologic map, U. S. Geol. Surv. OF Rept. No. 259A.

 

198.  Borcherdt, R. D. and Wentworth, C. W. (1995). Preliminary summary of peak horizontal ground motion generated by the Hanshin-Awaji earthquake of January 17, 1995; Part II of II - Description of peak horizontal ground acceleration, acceleration contours, seismicity, and geologic data mapped in Part I , U. S. Geol. Surv. OF Rept. 259B.

 

199.  Borcherdt, R. D., Brown, R. B., Page, R. A., Wentworth, C. M., and Hendley, J. W. II (1995). Seismic maps foster landmark legislation, U. S. Geol. Survey FS 224-95, 2 pp.

 

200.  Borcherdt, R. D., and Frankel, A. (1997). Recommendations for EHRP 5-Year Plan, U. S. Geol. Surv. OF Rept. 97-58, 47 pp.

 

201.  Borcherdt, R. D. (ed.), (1997). Executive summary of visions and options for the future of the U.S. National Strong-Motion Program, The committee for the future of the U.S. National Strong Motion Program, U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 97 - 530 A, 14 pp.

 

202.  Borcherdt, R. D. (ed.), (1997). Vision for the future of the U.S. National Strong-Motion Program, The committee for the future of the U.S. National Strong Motion Program, U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 97 - 530 B, 47 pp.

 

203.  Borcherdt, R. D. (ed.), (1997). Options for the future of the U.S. National Strong-Motion Program, The committee for the future of the U.S. National Strong Motion Program, U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 97 - 530 C, 29 pp.

 

204.  Borcherdt, R. and Fumal, T. (2002). Shear-wave compilation for Northridge strong-motion recording sites, U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 02-107, 2 maps + 16 pp.

 

205.  Borcherdt, R. D., (Recorder) Ferre, K., (Chair), Stepp, J. C., Aho, J., Arabasz, W., Crouse, C. B., Heintz, J., Samaan G. Ladkany, S. G., Nishenko, S., Pezeshk, S., Saiid Saiidi, M., Urzua, A., and Withers, M. (2002). National and regional priorities for allocation of strong-motion instrumentation in structures, Panel 2 Report, COSMOS Workshop on Strong-Motion Instrumentation of Buildings, J.C. Stepp, Chair., U.S. Geol.  Survey OF Rept.  02-163, 10 pp.

 

206.  Borcherdt, R. D., M. J. S. Johnston, C. Dietel, G. Glassmoyer, D. Myren, and C. Stephens (2004). Acceleration and volumetric strain generated by the Parkfield 2004 Earthquake on the  GEOS Strong-Motion Array near Parkfield, CA, U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 2004-1376, 74 pp.

 

207.  Power, M., Borcherdt, R., and J. Stewart (2004). Site amplification factors from empirical studies, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, Univ. Calif., Berkeley, NGA project report, Working Group #5, 32 pp. 

208. Borcherdt, Roger D., (2012). Implications of NGA for NEHRP site coefficients. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012-1269, iv, 25 p.




                           

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Site-Factor Design Coefficients -- US Building Code Provisions

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