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Allen Shapiro

Hydrologist

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Short Biography

Characterizing Groundwater Flow and Chemical Transport in Fractured Rock and Karst Aquifers

Dr. Allen Shapiro is a Senior Research Hydrologist with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). He is a member of the USGSNational Research Program (NRP), conducting researchon groundwater flow and chemical transport in fractured rock and karst environments.Dr. Shapiro’s research has focused on the development of field techniques and equipment, and methods of integrating and interpreting geologic, geophysical, hydraulic, and geochemical information in the characterization of fractured rock aquifers. Dr. Shapiro has described fundamental processes of ground water flow and chemical transportthat are unique to geologic environments characterized by significant heterogeneity. He has also investigated the effect of scale on the hydraulic and transport properties of fractured rock through carefully designed testing and modeling investigations conducted over physical dimensions of meters to kilometers. Dr. Shapirois currently active in the characterization and remediation of various contaminants in fractured rock, including groundwater contamination by Dense Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids (DNAPLs).



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Publications

Winston, Richard B.; Shapiro, Allen M., 2007. BAT3 Analyzer: Real-Time Data Display and Interpretation Software for the Multifunction Bedrock-Aquifer Transportable Testing Tool (BAT3). Geological Survey (U.S.) Open-File Report 2007-1105, v, 65 p. [Link]

Shapiro, Allen M., 2007. Characterizing Hydraulic Properties and Ground-Water Chemistry in Fractured-Rock Aquifers: A User's Manual for the Multifunction Bedrock-Aquifer Transportable Testing Tool (BAT3). Geological Survey (U.S.) Open-File Report 2007-1134, ix, 127 p. [Link]

Goode, Daniel J., Tiedeman, Claire R., Lacombe, Pierre J., Imbrigiotta, Thomas E., Shapiro, Allen M., and Chapelle, Francis H., 2007, Contamination in Fractured-Rock Aquifers - Research at the former Naval Air Warfare Center, West Trenton, New Jersey: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2007-3074, 2 p. [Link]

Greene, Earl A.; Shapiro, Allen M.; LaMotte, Andrew E., 2004. Hydrogeologic controls on ground-water discharge to the Washington METRO subway tunnel near the Medical Center station and Crossover, Montgomery County, Maryland. Water-Resources Investigations Report 2003-4294, v, 33 p. : col. ill., col. maps ; 28 cm. [Link]

Shapiro, Allen M., 2002. Fractured-rock aquifers, understanding an increasingly important source of water. Fact Sheet 112-02, 2 p. [Link]

Shapiro, A. M., 2001. Characterizing ground-water chemistry and hydraulic properties of fractured-rock aquifers using the multifunction Bedrock-Aquifer Transportable Testing Tool (BAT3). Fact Sheet 075-01, 4 p. [Link]

Greene, E. A.; Shapiro, A. M.; Carter, J. M., 1999. Hydrogeologic characterization of the Minnelusa and Madison aquifers near Spearfish, South Dakota. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey ; Branch of Information Services [distributor], Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4156, v, 64 p. :ill., maps ;28 cm.

Ellefson, K. J.; Kibler, J. E.; Hsieh, P. A.; Shapiro, A. M. , 1998. Crosswell seismic tomography at the USGS fractured rock research site data collection, data processing, and tomograms. U.S. Geological Survey : [Books and Open-file Reports Section, distributor], Open-File Report 98-510, 1 computer laser optical disc :ill. (some col.), map ;4 3/4 in., in plastic box (13 x 15 x 1 cm.)

Voss, Clifford I.; Boldt, David; Shapiro, Allen M., 1997. A Graphical-User Interface for the U. S. Geological Survey's SUTRA Code using Argus ONE (for Simulation of Variable-Density Saturated-Unsaturated Ground-Water Flow with Solute or Energy Transport). U.S. Geological Survey ; U.S. Geological Survey, Branch of Information Services [distributor], Open-File Report 97-421, 106 p. :ill. ;28 cm. [Link]

Shapiro, A. M.; Margolin, Joshua; Dolev, Shahar; Ben-Israel, Yaacov , 1997. A Graphical-User Interface for the U.S. Geological Survey modular three-dimensional finite-difference ground-water flow model (MODFLOW-96) using Argus Numerical Environments. U.S. Geological Survey ; Branch of Information Services [distributor], Open-File Report 97-121, vi, 50 p. :ill. ;28 cm.

Shapiro, Allen M.; Hsieh, P. A.; Winter, Thomas C., 1995. The Mirror Lake fractured-rock research site; a multidisciplinary research effort in characterizing ground-water flow and chemical transport in fractured rock. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Fact Sheet 138-95, 1 sheet : ill., maps ; 28 cm. ill., maps ;

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A complete list of publications is provided in the CV.



My USGS Science Strategy Areas

A Water Census of the United States

The Role of Environment and Wildlife in Human Health

Fate, Transport, and Remediation of Chlorinated Solvents in Fractured Rock Aquifers

Image of Current Focus for Fate, Transport, and Remediation of Chlorinated Solvents in Fractured Rock Aquifers

Contamination of groundwater with chlorinated solvents represents one of the most vexing problems faced by groundwater managers at government and industrial facilities, and local communities (such as in the vicinity of dry cleaning establishments). The properties of chlorinated solvents result in complex distributions in the groundwater, especially in heterogeneous geologic setting such as fractured rock aquifers. Chlorinated solvents are known carcinogensthat can diffuseinto thegroundwater. The contaminants in the groundwater of fractures can diffuse into the immobile groundwater in the primary porosity of the rock, resulting in extrmely long residence times and difficulty in designing effective groundwater remediation strategies.

The U.S. Geological Survey is conducting research on the fate, transport, and the evaluation of remediation technology for groundwater contamination by chlorinated solvents in fractured rock aquifers. One of the focal points of this research is the former Naval Air Warfare Center, West Trenton, NJ. http://toxics.usgs.gov/sites/nawc_page.html

Additional information on the characterization of groundwater flow and contaminant transport in fractured rock is available at http://toxics.usgs.gov/investigations/fracrock_aquifers.html


Additional Biographical Information

External Positions:

Member Edwards Aquifer Science Advisory Panel, San Antonio, TX (2006 to present)

Member National Research Council Committee on Future Option for Management in the Nation’s Subsurface Remediation Effort (2010 - 2012)

Member National Research Council Committee on Subsurface Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rocks (2013 to present)

Board of Directors (elected), Scientists and Engineers Division, National Ground Water Association (2010 to present)

Editorial Positions:

Associate Editor, Journal of Hydrology (1985-1989)

Associate Editor, Ground Water (1999 to present)

Patents Held:

Shapiro, A. M., 2004, Borehole Testing System: Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Patent and Trademark Office, United States Patent Number 6,761,062, 12 p.

Honors and Awards:

  • Superior Service Award, U.S. Department of the Interior, 1992.
  • American Geophysical Union Citation for Excellence in Reviewing, 1999.
  • Meritorious Service Award, U.S. Department of the Interior, 2000.
  • National Ground Water Association (NGWA) 2004 Distinguished Darcy Lecturer
  • Geological Society of America (GSA) Fellow, 2009

Membership in Professional Societies:

American Geophysical Union (AGU)

National Ground Water Association (NGWA), Association of Ground Water Scientists and Engineers (AGWSE)

International Association of Hydrogeologists (IAH)

Phi Beta Kappa - National Academic Honor Society

Tau Beta Pi - National Engineering Honor Society


Contact Information

Allen Shapiro
12201 Sunrise Valley Dr
Reston, VA 20192-0002
ashapiro@usgs.gov
703-648-5884
703-648-5274 - Fax
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